Gardens


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The idea that plants communicate with each other is normally based in science-fiction or fantasy, but new research out of The University of Western Australia reveals that this actually may be the case. UWA Postdoctoral Research Fellow Dr. Monica Gagliano has discovered that our green friends not only react to sounds, but they can also commun…icate with each other via “clicking noises.”Gardeners have long believed that what music they play affects the growth of their plants, but Dr. Gagliano’s research, done with colleagues Professor Daniel Robert at the University of Bristol (UK) and Professor Stefano Mancuso at the University of Florence (Italy), shows that the roots of young plants emit and react to particular sounds.

“Everyone knows that plants react to light, and scientists also know that plants use volatile chemicals to communicate with each other, for instance, when danger – such as a herbivore – approaches,” Dr Gagliano said. ”I was working one day in my herb garden and started to wonder if maybe plants were also sensitive to sounds – why not? – so I decided as a scientist to find out.”Through a series of experiments, Dr Gagliano and her team found that the roots of young corn plants made regular clicking noises. They also found that when the roots were suspended in water, they ‘leaned’ towards the source of any sound that was “emitted in the region of 220Hz”. Interestingly, this is within the frequency range that the roots themselves emit.

The team’s research, published in the leading international journal Trends in Plant Science, concludes that the discovery of plant communication needs serious investigation as it “leaves serious gaps (in) our current understanding of the sensory and communicatory complexity of these organisms.” Gagliano also added that ”it is very likely that some form of sensitivity to sound and vibrations also plays an important role in the life of plants.”Watch what you say around your houseplants — they can probably hear you, and they might even be talking about you.

So if you notice your houseplants leaning towards you, it could be because they enjoy the sound of your dulcet tones.

Sources: http://inhabitat.com/plants-can-talk-to-each-other-by-clicking-their-roots/

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/1360138

Scientists Confirm that Plants Talk and Listen To Each Other, Communication Crucial for Survival.-

http://www.medicaldaily.com/articles/10247/20120611/plants-communication-survival.htm#5j17Tux2SzgtBSjg.99

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Image credit: Richard Shilling

 

The Ark concept, which Remistudio designed in connection with the International Union of Architects’ program “Architecture for Disaster Relief,” can be built in various climates and in seismically dangerous regions because its basement is a shell structure, devoid of ledges or angles. A load-bearing system of arches and cables allows weight redistribution along the entire corpus in case of an earthquake. The building’s clever design enables an optimal relationship between its volume and its outer surface, significantly saving materials and providing energy efficiency. Its prefabricated frame also allows for fast construction.

The Ark constitutes a single energy system. Its shape is convenient for installing photovoltaic cells at an optimal angle toward the sun. The cupola, in the upper part, collects warm air which is gathered in seasonal heat accumulators to provide an uninterrupted energy supply for the whole complex independently from outer environmental conditions. The heat from the surrounding environment — the outer air, water or ground — is also used.

Read more: Remistudio’s Massive Floating Ark Battles Rising Tides Remistudio Ark – Inhabitat – Sustainable Design Innovation, Eco Architecture, Green Building

 

This inverted papasan chair base serves as an innovative place to hang curtain panels. (X-mas lights ? )

http://www.bhg.com/gardening/design/decorate-your-garden/?sssdmh=dm17.605643&esrc=nwwu070312&email=1424552807#page=3

Located in the Philippine Sea, and 222.7 miles (358 km) south of central Tokyo, Aogashima also has a village that is home to around 200 people. This volcanic island has erupted and even killed some of the islanders, but still people spend their lives there. Fishing and farming are some of the more common activities.Volcanic Island of Aogashima

Other volcanic island references … Bora Bora and Santorini

http://tokyoexcess.blogspot.com/2011/12/three-volcanic-islands-aogashima-bora.html