HISTORY


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They both take a while of getting used to, but after awhile, I like the way they explain what things are and how they came to be.

 


Tentacles of the Deep State EXPOSED [2018] PART 1


Why the Drug Epidemic was engineered by the Deep State – Tentacles of the Deep State [2018] PART 2


Deep State – 13 BLOODLINES & their Diabolical End Game | Tentacles of the Deep State [2018] PART 3


Ted Bundy – Deep State Reaper groomed for Politics? | Tentacles of the Deep State [2018] 8PART4


Deep State’s Obsession With Saturn, Symbols & Meaning | Tentacles of the Deep State PART 5


NEW YORK Occult Saturn Symbols Hidden in plain sight | Tentacles of the Deep State PART 6 [2018]

  • Red Cube
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ABOUT Water

Water has Memory

 




 

 


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He was murdered for wanting to change the WORLD monetary system back to a gold standard. Much like JFK & TRUMP today. On top of that it was/is part of the planned Hijrah staging point into Europe. It’s also where African Men, Women & Children are sold into slavery each & every day for as little as 200.00 dollars. For servants to MUSLIMS, Sex SLAVES & human organ parts. ISLAM must be ERADICATED.

Meanwhile in Libya—Where the REGIME CHANGE policy of America’s first Black President, and his Hillary sidekick, ironically turned Libya into a SLAVERY state, where a human can be purchased for $200 and used for labor and sex, or harvested for organs.
https://www.zambianobserver.com/libyan-government-must-be-condemned-for-allowing-slave-trade-au-where-are-you/


The Great Man Made River

https://anonhq.com/investigative-great-man-made-river-gaddafi-happened/?fbclid=IwAR2qbKvWWBBN2UplBUg0KLR6xckCeKVZseJARv2RDegrLnKQ7DxYGUWxZkQ

http://xroads.virginia.edu/~ma01/Kidd/thesis/pdf/protocols.pdf

By
Gerald B. Winrod
Editor of The Defender

CONTENTS

The Book
The Talmud
The Awakening
Ginzberg
Nilus
America’s Precaution
Universal Crisis
Bankers and Bolshevism
Russia’s Ruin
Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion

AFTER observing the title of this book, some will accuse me of being anti-Semitic. If by this they mean that I am opposed to the Jews as a race or as a religion, I deny the allegation. But if they mean that I am opposed to a coterie of international Jewish bankers ruling the Gentile world by the power of gold, if they mean that I am opposed to international Jewish Communism, then I plead guilty to the charge.    —  Winrod.

THE BOOK

ON the shelves of the British Museum in the city of London there is a book in the Russian language, by Sergius A. Nilus, called the Protocols of the Wise Men of Zion. It contains twenty-four documents which purport to reveal the inner workings of a plot by certain international Jewish leaders to enslave the world through a dictatorship based upon the power of gold.

>Next to the Bible, this volume, translated into various languages, is perhaps the most widely read book in existence. The superintendent of the library told me that he constantly receives inquiries about it from all parts of the world. Its catalogue mark in the library is C 37.C.31.

This book was received by the Museum August 10, 1906. It was purchased through regular trade channels and there was nothing extraordinary about the manner in which it reached England’s greatest library.

The first translation from the Russian into English was published by Eyre and Spottiswoode, official printers of the British government, in 1920. Victor E. Marsden, who had previously represented a London newspaper in Russia, made another translation about the same time.

Because Mr. Marsden was a master in both languages, his work is generally regarded as being thoroughly accurate and dependable: He lived through the Russian revolution and was forced to spend considerable time in a Bolshevik prison. Injuries thus sustained, impaired his health and sent him back home a broken man. Later he accompanied the Prince of Wales on his tour of the British Empire but died suddenly afterwards.

Nilus first published the Protocols in 1905, although they had come into his hands four years before. He regarded it a patriotic and religious duty to give them the widest possible circulation. From the beginning of the century, down to the present hour, the plot which these documents disclose has been fulfilled step by step. In them we see an advance unfoldment of the economic and political history of the nations. If the Protocols are forgeries, as some Jews assert, then it is a paradox, that everything which they outline should be coming to pass before our eyes.

THE TALMUD

WHERE did the Protocols originate?

It is necessary to examine this problem from three angles in order to arrive at a satisfactory answer to this question.

First: the secret operations of ancient Jewish Kahal must be understood.

Second: the rebirth of Jewish nationalism, involving the building of Zionism and Communism, must be studied.

Third: the source from which Nilus claimed to have received the documents must be considered.

Turning to the Encyclopaedia Britannica we find such phrases as “hidden doctrines”, “hidden wisdom”, and “mystic communion”, used in discussing the mysterious nature and purpose of the Kahal. We are told that the germ of this organization “may be traced to sayings and beliefs mentioned in the Talmud and known to have existed among the gnostics.”

In my book, Adam Weishaupt, a Human Devil, we trace the vicious trail of Gnosticism from the beginning of the Christian era, through the centuries into occult Illuminism, and finally into modern Bolshevism. For this reason we will not dwell on the subject here. But because of the intimate relation between the Kahal and the Talmud it becomes necessary to consider certain succinct features of the latter at this time.

It is exceedingly difficult to secure even extracts from the Talmud in the English language, so well have Jewish leaders succeeded in keeping these writings away from the Gentiles. In her discussion of subversive movements, Mrs. Nesta Webster of England, offers several quotations from the Talmud which include such statements as, “Kill the best of the Gentiles” and “Tradition tells us that the best of the Gentiles deserve death”.

Graetz, a writer on Jewish history, speaks of a converted Jew and former student of the Talmud by the name of Donin who, after his baptism in the thirteenth century, “brought charges against the Talmud saying that it was filled with abuse against the founder of the Christian religion . . . Donin demonstrated that it was the Talmud which prevented the Jews from accepting Christianity, and that without it they would certainly have abandoned their state of unbelief. He stated that the Talmudical writing taught it was a meritorious action to kill the best man among the Christians . . . that it was lawful to deceive a Christian without any scruple.”

What stronger argument for the authenticity of such quotations from the Talmud is needed than to contemplate the solemn fact that exactly this kind of a program of destruction is being carried out, particularly in Russia where the orgy of killing has resulted in the slaying of millions of Gentile Christians?

Lady Queenborough says in her treatise Occult Theocracy“The obligations and rules of the rite for the Jewish masses are contained in the Talmud and Schulchan Aruk, but the esoteric teachings for the higher initiates are to be found in the Cabala.” 

“Therein are contained the mysterious rites for evocations, the indications and keys to practices for conjuration of supernatural forces, the science of numbers, astrology, etc.”

“The practical application of the Cabalist knowledge is manifested in the use made of it, through the ages, by Jews to gain influence both in the higher spheres of Gentile life and over the masses. Sovereigns and Popes, both, usually had one or more Jews as astrologers and advisers, and they frequently gave Jews control over their very life by employing them as physicians. Political power was thus gained by Jews in almost every Gentile country alongside with financial power, since Jewish court-bankers manipulated state funds and taxes.”

“With its B’nai B’rith Supreme Council as the directing head, the sect with its members swarming among all nations has become the sovereign power ruling in the councils of all nations and governing their political, economic, religious and educational policies.” 

In exposing the nest of occultism which evil birds have built in the branches of Judaism, General Netchvolodow says in his book, Nicholas et les Juifs, “The Chaldean science acquired by many of the Jewish priests, during the captivity of Babylon, gave birth to the sect of the Pharisees whose name appears in the Holy Scriptures and in the writings of the Jewish historians after the captivity (606 B. C.)”. The work of the celebrated scientist Munk leave no doubt on the point that the sect appeared during the period of the captivity.

“From then dates the Cabala or Tradition of the Pharisees. For a long time their precepts were only transmitted orally but later they formed the Talmud and received their final form in the book called the Sepher ha Zohar.”

It was to this occult circle of heartless monsters that Jesus Christ addressed His powerful polemics, “Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell”. “Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.” “Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For ye are like unto whited sepulchres, which indeed appear beautiful outward, but are within full of dead men’s bones, and of all uncleanness.”

Beyond doubt, this ring of conspirators was responsible for both the death of Christ and much of the persecution which the early Church suffered. Flavien Brenier, a recognized authority on the subject of Judaism, explains how the secret lodge of Pharisees attained their great power in Israel and succeeded in perverting the nation’s leadership from spiritual ideals to physical channels. He says, “This group of intellectual pantheists was soon to acquire a directing influence over the Jewish nation. Nothing, moreover, likely to offend national sentiment ever appeared in their doctrines. However saturated with pantheistic Chaldeism they might have been, the Pharisees preserved their ethnic pride intact. This religion of Man divinised, which they had absorbed at Babylon, they conceived solely as applying to the profit of the Jew, the superior and predestined being. The promises of universal dominion which the orthodox Jew found in the Law, the Pharisees did not interpret in the sense of the reign of the God of Moses over the nations, but in that of a material domination to be imposed on the universe by the Jews. The awaited Messiah was no longer the Redeemer of original Sin, a spiritual victor who would lead the world, it was a temporal king, bloody with battle, who would make Israel master of the world and ‘drag all peoples under the wheels of his chariot’. The Pharisees did not ask this enslavement of the nations of a mystical Jehovah, which they continued worshipping in public, only as a concession to popular opinion, for they expected its eventual consummation to be achieved by the secular patience of Israel and the use of human means.”

It was in this realm that the Talmud, comprising the writings of the rabbis, was cradled. The fundamental likeness of the Talmud and the Protocols is most significant. Israel has been cursed for centuries with the false Messianic ideal that she is entitled to rule the world. It would be ridiculous for anyone to say that powerful apostate Jewish leaders have no desire to attain race supremacy. Such an assertion would be contrary to every basic tenet of the Talmud. No doubt the great rank and file of Jews are ignorant of the subversive schemes which their leaders have set in motion at the top of Jewry. But when David sinned, the whole house of Israel suffered.

A few quotations from the Talmud will suffice to show the true nature of its contents:

“You axe human beings, but the nations of the world are not human but beasts.” Baba Mecia 114,6.

“On the house of the Goy, (Goy means unclean, and is the disparaging name for a non-Jew), one looks as on the fold of cattle.” Tosefta, Erubin VIII.

“When one sees inhabited houses of the ‘Goy’ one says, ‘The Lord will destroy the house of the proud’. And when one sees them destroyed he says, ‘The Lord God of Vengeance has revealed himself.” The Babylonian Talmud, Berachot 58,6.

“Those who do not own Torah and the prophets must all be killed. Who has power to kill them, let him kill them openly with the sword, if not, let him use artifices till they are done away with.” Schulchan Aruch: Choszen Hamiszpat, 425,50.

“A Jew may rob a Goy, he may cheat him over a bill, which should not be perceived by him, otherwise the name of God would become dishonoured.” Schulchan Aruch, Choszen Hamiszpat, 318.

“Should a Goy to whom a Jew owed some money die without his heirs knowing about the debt, the Jew is not bound to pay the debt.” Schulchan Aruch, Choszen Hamiszpat 283,1.

“The son of Noah, who would steal a farthing ought to be put to death, but an Israelite is allowed to do injury to a Goy; where it is written, Thou shalt not do injury to thy neighbor, is not said, Thou shalt not do injury to a Goy.” Miszna, Sanhedryn, 57.

“A thing lost by a Goy may not only be kept by the man who found it, but it is forbidden to give it back to him.” Schulchan Aruch, Choszen Hamiszpat. 266,1.

“Who took an oath in the presence of the Goys, the robbers, and the custom-house officer, is not responsible.” Tosefta Szebnot, 11.

The authors of the Talmud knew what it would mean if this horrible moral code ever became known among the Gentiles. Therefore, they incorporated the following statement into their writings to protect the leaders of the race who are responsible for putting the doctrines into practice, “To communicate anything to a Goy about our religious relations would be equal to the killing of all the Jews, for if the Goys knew what we teach about them, they would kill us openly.” Book of Libbre David 37.

From the above quotations one comes to understand that if the Protocols are bad, the Talmud is worse. But the primary purpose of these examples of perverted Israelitish literature is to show the background of the Kahal, the mysterious organization which has been built within the bounds of international Jewry for the purpose of putting the teachings of the Talmud into operation. Assuming for the moment that the Protocols are true, it is not difficult to see the spirit in which they were conceived.

The Talmudic writings, growing out of a mixture of Babylonian paganism and Old Testament teachings, were responsible for the spiritual blindness of the Jewish leaders in the days of Christ. Hence His words recorded in Matthew 15:6, “Ye have made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition”.

Secret societies, occult in nature and tainted with the moral pollution of Babylon, grew up among the ancient Jews. These poison nerve-centers became dotted throughout the nation. They were eventually enlarged into a system of invisible government which became known as the Kahal. This sinister organization was responsible for fomenting the revolt against the Romans under Hadrian that resulted in the dispersion of the Jews in the year A.D. 135.

But far from destroying the Kahal, the scattering of the race only intensified its activity and increased its power by broadening its scope. Now instead of having a single organization concentrated in one place, the Kahal had expanded, into small units, scattered over all parts of the civilized world. It became the international underground organization which bound Jews everywhere into an organic whole.

We learn on good authority, “Wherever Jewish emigrants settled, they founded communities apart under the direction of the fraternities, and held to the precepts of the Talmud. Each community had its representative, its Rabbi, its synagogue: it was a miniature Kahal. The different aims of these communities always found themselves intimately related with those of the central body upon which their existence depended.

“For if the ruling clique or caste had begun by grinding down its own race, it now saw that, by drafting them into its organization, it could exploit the Gentiles on a far grander scale. The number of fraternities was increased by the addition of trade unions, every trade in which the Jews engaged being represented. To strengthen its control and to advance the interest of the Jews as a whole, it developed and perfected that system of espionage which it still maintains.” 

Thus, in every locality where a Kahal existed there was always a state within a state. Each local unit shrouded itself in secret mysticism. An international system of Jewish occultism was thereby created. By this means it has been possible to bore under Christian and Gentile foundations. Outstanding individual Jews have always worked their way into positions of power and influence. Napoleon once asked, “By what miracle did whole provinces of France become heavily mortgaged to the Jews, when there are only sixty thousand of them in the country?”. That the Jewish leaders scattered over the earth have maintained ways and means of communication, and have worked together through the centuries, is a fact that no informed person will take the trouble to deny.

By this means a world-wide program of secret government, based upon the Talmud, has been kept intact with some of the mightiest leaders apparently hidden from the public view entirely.

THE AWAKENING

IN the year 1897 the first Zionist Congress convened in Basel, Switzerland. This event is generally credited with being the pivot on which the rebirth of Jewish nationalism turned. Theodore Herzl, a Hungarian Jew, was elected president of the organization, a position which he held until the time of his death.

The rebirth of international Jewry did not occur in a day. Years were required to work up the interest and mould the sentiment which was expressed on that occasion. Prior to this gathering there had been years of planning. Jewish leaders in different parts of the world had conceived simultaneously, the plan of uniting their dispersed nation into one solid mass.

No doubt such a herculean task involved the exchange of many letters and several personal conversations through the channels of the international Kahal. The men who were directing this undertaking were figures of outstanding prominence in the political, economic and religious circles of the world. It was not an easy task to pull the loose ends of the scattered nation together and breathe new life into its organism.

After years of preparation, finally a great quickening took place and Zionism was born.

Would it be a misuse of words to designate men who were capable of performing such a feat as “Wise Men”? Would it be erroneous to call the written records of their deliberations, “Protocols”? Would it be wrong to refer to their finished plans as the “Protocols of the Wise Men of Zion”? That such a group of international Jews did actually collaborate over a period of years in planning the rebirth of the nation is a well attested fact. That some of them were actuated by sinister motives is evident. That the spirit of the Talmud and the occultism of the Kahal were manifested, is equally evident.

Looking toward the West we discover that powerful Jewish movements had been established, over a period of years, in both the United States and the countries of Europe. Nathan Birnbaum, the man who created the name Zionism, had formed an organization called the Kadimah with headquarters in Vienna. Its avowed aim was to build a Jewish center in Palestine from which the world should be ruled through the three spheres of politics, economics and religion. According to his plan, members of the race were to be “planted” in every nation for the purpose of determining the policies of the nations.

A similar movement had taken form in Russia, with its base in Odessa, under the leadership of a vicious fanatic by the name of Asher Ginzberg. He founded his order in 1889 and called it the “Sons of Moses”. Ginzberg also used the name Ahadhaam and was known among his intimate followers as the “King of the Jews”. These are the kind of men who blended their efforts for the purpose of building their people into a united body. As previously indicated, their advance preparations could be legitimately called Protocols since the dictionary definition of this word is, “The preliminary sketch or draft of an official document”.

The strange thing about the whole matter is not that such documents as the Protocols of the Wise Men of Zion should have been written; the miracle is that they should have ever reached the public eye. But frequently, in history, we find that plans have miscarried or providences have occurred, in which carefully hidden and secret schemes have leaked out.

An instance of this kind occurred in the year 1785 when a man by the name of Jacob Lang was struck dead by lightning while walking with Adam Weishaupt, the founder of the Illuminati. When Lang’s body was being prepared for burial, certain incriminating papers were found in his clothing which gave away many vital secrets of the organization. As a result, the property of the Illuminati was confiscated by the Bavarian government and a ban was placed upon its activities.

Many people who attach importance to the Protocols regard it as nothing short of miraculous that these documents should have ever been made available to the general public.

At different times in Jewish history other Protocols have been issued by leaders as in the year 1492 when Chemor, Chief Rabbi of Spain, wrote for advice to the Grand Sanhedrin located in Constantinople. He received the following instructions which may truly be called a fifteenth century Protocol, “Beloved brethren in Moses, we have received your letter in which you tell us of the anxieties and misfortunes which you are enduring. We are pierced by as great pain to hear it as yourselves. 

“The advice of the Grand Satraps and Rabbis is the following:

“1. As for what you say that the King of Spain obliges you to become Christian: do it, since you cannot do otherwise.
“2. As for what you say about the command to despoil you of your property: make your sons merchants that they may despoil, little by little, the Christians of theirs.
“3. As for what you say about making attempts on your lives: make your sons doctors and apothecaries, that they may take away Christians’ lives.
“4. As for what you say of their destroying your synagogues: make your sons canons and clerics in order that they may destroy their churches.
“5. As for the many other vexations you complain of: arrange that your sons become advocates and lawyers, and see that they always mix in affairs of State, that by putting Christians under your yoke you may dominate the world and be avenged on them.
“6. Do not swerve from this order that we give you, because you will find by experience that, humiliated as you are, you will reach the actuality of power.
“(Signed) Prince of the Jews of Constantinople.”

GINZBERG

EUROPEAN authorities, who have made a careful study of the Protocols of the Wise Men of Zion, regard them as being more the product of Asher Ginzberg’s brain than any other one individual. He is believed to have put more into them than others who may have collaborated in their construction, because the fierceness and general language employed seems to reflect his intelligence and vocabulary. Moreover, they coincide with the plans and purposes of his order, the Sons of Moses. He is believed to have been more nearly the dominating figure of international Jewry than any other leader during the formative years when plans were being evolved for launching world-wide Zionism in 1897.

Parenthetically, it is important to remind ourselves that Lenin and Trotsky attended these early Zionist gatherings.

An important reference to Ginzberg appears in Col. E. N. Sanctuary’s book, Are These Things So? “When the World War broke out it was soon discovered that there were many persons living in various European cities on American passports who had no right to those passports whatsoever,” says Col. Sanctuary. This condition created difficult problems for American Consuls abroad to handle. In Ginzberg’s Russian community, “there were a number of genuine Americans residing in his city who had every right and privilege of registering in the Consul’s foreign office as Americans and, moreover, they had done so. But the police records of that city showed a much longer list of selfstyled ‘Americans’ who had never registered”.

The faithful Consul culled together the names of many of the so-called “Americans” who were evidently without passports and wrote the State Department in Washington saying that he was ready to clean the matter up if so authorized. “For reasons not then apparent, the Department had no enthusiasm in correcting this unfortunate situation,” but the Consul proceeded to perform his obvious duty any way.

He wrote to each person asking them to call at his office with their passports to be registered as true American citizens, but received no reply. A second letter was sent to everyone, and it was likewise treated with indifference. “By this time it was evident that these people would yield to nothing but force, so force they should have. A third letter was sent to them telling them that in case of further disregard of the invitation the local police would be asked to take up their passports. That brought everyone in haste to the Consul’s office, and lo, they were all members of the Chosen or Privileged Race—the Jews.”

Col. Sanctuary concludes by saying, “Not many days after this, the Consul received a call from an elderly individual known as ‘the King of the Jews’, a certain Asher Ginzberg. This elderly individual let it be known that he was very much displeased that the Consul had enforced the laws to the inconvenience of the people of his race.”

A few days later, the faithful Consul received a severe reprimand from Washington for having thus performed his normal duty and a few weeks later his resignation was demanded. Col. Sanctuary arrives at the conclusion that Ginzberg, in far away Russia, must have had tremendous secret strength with the United States government.

Later, during the revolution when Russia was pillaged, few towns were so torn as Odessa, the home of Ginzberg and the headquarters of the Sons of Moses. Among other things a Christian orphanage was destroyed and all the children shot to death. The Jewish leader, Deutsch, head of the Soviet police, organized the rape of women. He brought in brutal Chinese and other foreigners, formed them into bands and turned them loose like savage beasts, to literally devour the Gentile women and girls of the locality. This horrible experience has been correctly termed, “an orgy of hell”. For his services, the Moscow dictatorship decorated Deutsch with the Order of the Red Flag.

Whether Ginzberg or some one else drafted the Protocols, their contents show that tremendous intellectual powers were behind their preparation. These documents reach to the very depth of economic, political and international affairs. They purport to reveal an attack upon the Gentile nations, which if not counteracted by some opposing force, will ultimately deliver the entire world into the hands of a small group of conspirators who will put into action the perverted Messianic complex which now controls Russia through the medium of Jewish Communism.

NILUS

AT, ANY great public gathering there is always a steering committee in charge of advance arrangements. When one of the major political parties in the United States holds a national convention to select a candidate for the Presidency, there is a committee in the background that guides in the matter of preparation and procedure. As previously suggested, it is the concensus of best opinion among students who have made a careful study of the Protocols, these writings were originally drafted by certain men who were seeking to chart the course for the rebirth of Jewish nationalism. There are those who affirm that the documents were privately circulated among the leaders at the first Zionist meeting in 1897.

Mrs. L. Fry of London, who is perhaps as well informed on this subject as any living person, says in her remarkable book, Waters Flowing Eastward“Meantime, through Jewish members of the Russian secret police, minutes of the proceedings of the Basel Congress in 1897 had been obtained and these were found to correspond with the Protocols.”

Mrs. Fry says that shortly before the gathering was held in Basel, a woman by the name of Justine Glinka was doing intelligence work for the Russian government in France. In tracing out various lines of secret information, she heard about the Protocols and learned that copies were on file in the archives of the Mizraim lodge of Paris.

The Rite of Mizraim is a Jewish secret order with its base in Egypt and ramifications reaching throughout Europe. Mlle. Glinka is reported to have received two thousand five hundred francs from the Russian government which she gave to a Jew by the name of Joseph Schorst, who was a member of the Mizraim lodge. Having access to its secret files, Schorst was able to obtain the Protocols which Mlle. Glinka immediately transmitted to St. Petersburg.

According to the French police records, Schorst was murdered soon after this transaction was completed.

Mlle. Glinka kept a copy of the Protocols and when she returned to her home in the Orel district of Russia she gave them to a government official by the name of Alexis Sukhotin who in turn showed them to two friends, Philip Stepanov and Sergius A. Nilus. This was in the year 1897. Stepanov had them printed at once for private circulation among his intimate friends. The first time Nilus published them was in 1901 in a book which he called, The Great Within the Small. He reprinted them again in 1905.

After the revolution, Stepanov fled from Russia and died an exile in Yugoslavia in 1932. But his son, a gentleman now about forty-five years of age, lives in Paris at the present time; I talked with him in January 1935. I found Mr. Stepanov (the son) to be a most interesting Russian gentleman. He knew Nilus personally because they had both lived in the same Russian community. From him I learned many things about the personal life and habits of Nilus which were demolishing to the false reports I had so often read in both secular and religious magazines published in the United States.

Nilus was not a monk. He never lived in a monastery. Nor was he ever a teacher in any school or university. He was a married man, raised a family, lived in moderate circumstances, and a son of his is now living in Poland. Being a firm believer in the Bible as the supernaturally inspired Word of God, he was deeply religious. Prayer was a habit with him and his life was said to have been a consistent testimony to his profession as a Christian believer. He possessed literary skill and his writings were widely read among the Russian people prior to the rise of Communism.

Knowing the Jewish situation, he saw the revolution coming. He did his utmost to avert the catastrophe—but failed. With other students of Bible prophecy, Nilus believed that a great superman, known as the Beast and the Antichrist, would arise and set up a world-wide system of dictatorship during that period of the world’s history which would precede the second coming of Christ. Consequently, he wrote a treatise entitled, Antichrist as a Near Political Possibility, which made particular reference to the Protocols.

In explaining where he got the original copies of the Protocols, Nilus apparently tried to shield his compatriots who had helped him secure them. He once wrote, “These Protocols were secretly extracted from a whole bookful of Protocols. All this was got by my correspondent out of the secret depositories of the Head Chancellory of Zion. This Chancellory is at present on French territory.”

Seeing the revolution rapidly approaching, Nilus wrote another book, in 1917, which bore the title, It is Close at Hand: At the Gates. This work was hardly off the press when the storm broke over his country. He had tried in vain to awaken the Russian people to the seriousness of the situation.

When the Jewish dictatorship was set up in Moscow it became a crime punishable by death for anyone to be found owning a copy of the Protocols.

The Jewish Cheka of the city of Kiev arrested Nilus in 1924 and subjected him to severe tortures. The Red leaders told him that he had done their cause of world revolution incomparable harm by publishing his books prior to the revolution. He died soon afterwards, his death being hastened by what he had suffered at their hands.

The following statement written by Nilus in 1905 gives a remarkable insight into his mental processes. It will be noted that he makes use of Scripture to emphasize his views. Facing a dark future, with storm clouds gathering overhead, he wrote, “In our day, all the governments of the entire world are consciously or unconsciously submissive to the commands of this great Super-government of Zion, because all the bonds and securities are in its hands; for all countries are indebted to the Jews for sums which they will never be able to pay. All affairs—industry, commerce, and diplomacy-are in the hands of Zion. It is by means of its capital loans that it has enslaved all nations. By keeping education on purely materialistic lines, the Jews have loaded the Gentiles with heavy chains with which they have harnessed them to their ‘Supergovernment’.”

“The end of national liberty is near, therefore personal freedom is approaching its close; for true liberty cannot exist where Zion uses the lever of its gold to rule the masses and dominate the most respectable and enlightened class of society.”

” ‘He that hath ears to hear, let him hear’.”

“It is nearly four years since the Protocols of the Elders of Zion came into my possession. Only God knows what efforts I have made to bring them to general notice—in vain — and even to warn those in power, by disclosing the causes of the storm about to break on apathetic Russia who seems, in her misfortune, to have lost all notion of what is going on around her.”

“And it is only now when I fear it may be too late, that I have succeeded in publishing my work, hoping to put on their guard those who still have ears to hear and eyes to see.”

“One can no longer doubt it, the triumphant reign of the King of Israel rises over our degenerate world as that of Satan, with his power and his terrors; the King born of the blood of Zion—the Antichrist is about to mount the throne of universal empire.”

“Events are precipitated in the world at a terrifying speed; quarrels, war, rumours, famines, epidemics, earthquakes — everything which even yesterday was impossible, today is an accomplished fact. One would think that the days pass so rapidly to advance the cause of the Chosen People. Space does not allow us to enter into the details of world history with regard to the disclosed ‘mystery of iniquity’, to prove from history the influence which the ‘Wise Men of Zion’ have exercised through universal misfortunes by foretelling the certain and already near future of humanity, or by raising the curtain for the last act of the world’s tragedy.”

“Only the light of Christ and of his Holy Church Universal can fathom the abyss of Satan and disclose the extent of its wickedness.”

“I feel in my heart that the hour has already struck when there should urgently be convoked an Eighth Oecumenical Council which would unite the pastors and representatives of all Christendom. Secular quarrels and schisms would all be forgotten in the imminent need of preparing against the coming of the Antichrist.”

Futile attempts have been made to refute the Protocols. Propagandists have brought all manner of charges against them. Communists usually become hysterical when they are mentioned. But the stubborn fact remains that they are being constantly fulfilled by world changes which they have announced almost a half century in advance.

Perhaps the most effective attack which has ever been launched against them was the one appearing in the London Times back in August 1921. Three articles were published at that time which were purported to have been written by the Times’ “Correspondent in Constantinople”. The main charge was that because there was a similarity between the Protocols and certain previous writings that they must have resulted from plagiarism. All of the recent attacks appearing in religious journals in the United States are a mere rehash of what the Times printed fourteen years ago.

Because Mrs. Fry, Mrs. Webster and others, have answered these articles so effectively, it is hardly necessary to go into detail here concerning this phase of the subject. But before passing on to something more important, we may take note of two things.

First, The identity of the so-called “Times’ Correspondent” has never been made public. He is simply known as “Mr. X–“. The question naturally arises, Why the secrecy?

Second, The similarity of the Protocols with previously published writings does not necessarily prove Nilus to have been guilty of plagiarism; it rather tends to confirm the theory that the same subterranean unnamed occult organization has issued similar statements in the past, which, contrary to their wishes, also reached the public.

A careful reading of the Protocols will show that they base the hope of acquiring world dominion upon the control of gold. This idea is not new. There are repeated instances in history where nations have tried to break the Jewish money power.

AMERICA’S PRECAUTION

THE men who framed the Constitution of the United States sought to safeguard the country against the power of the international Jewish bankers. These men knew what the nations of Europe had suffered at hands of the money power and, therefore, provided a plan whereby only the duly elected representatives of the people in Congress would have a right to control the country’s finances. This was a new ideal in the science of government and it caused Europe’s banking fraternity to shriek with mortal terror.

There are indications that the fathers of the American government were alert to the dangers of the Talmudic system. It is reported that when the Constitution was being written, Benjamin Franklin even went so far as to demand that Jews should be entirely excluded from the country. He based his attitude upon the experience of the nations of Europe in dealing with this problem.

Charles Pinckney of South Carolina, one of the framers of the Constitution, is said to have kept a diary of the conferences of the convention, in which Franklin is credited with the following statement:

“In whatever country Jews have settled in any great numbers, they have lowered its moral tone; depreciated its commercial integrity; have segregated themselves and have not been assimilated; have sneered at and tried to undermine the Christian religion upon which that nation is founded by objecting to its restrictions; have built up a state within a state; and when opposed have tried to strangle that country to death financially as in the case of Spain and Portugal.”

“For over 1700 years the Jews have been bewailing their said fate in that they have been exiled from their homeland, as they call Palestine. But, gentlemen, did the world today give it to them in fee simple, they would at once find some cogent reason for not returning. Why? Because they are vampires, and vampires do not live on vampires. They cannot live only among themselves. They must subsist on Christians and other peoples not of their race.”

“If you do not exclude them from these United States, in this Constitution, in less than 200 years they will have swarmed in such great numbers that they will dominate and devour the land, and change our form of government, for which we Americans have shed our blood, given our lives, our substance and jeopardized our liberty.”

“If you do not exclude them, in less than 200 years our descendants will be working in the fields to furnish them substance, while they will be in the counting houses rubbing their hands. I warn you, gentlemen, if you do not exclude the Jews for all time, your children will curse you in your graves.”

“Jews, gentlemen, are Asiatics, let them be born where they will, or how many generations they are away from Asia, they never will be otherwise. Their ideas do not conform to an American’s, and will not even though they live among us ten generations. A leopard cannot change its spots. Jews are Asiatics, are a menace to this country if permitted entrance, and should be excluded by this Constitution.”

Observing the manner in which other nations were being choked by the money power, the men who drafted the Constitution did everything they could to protect generations unborn, although they could not consistently go as far as Benjamin Franklin demanded. For this reason they were careful to incorporate the following clause into Section eight of the first Article of the Constitution: “The Congress shall have power to coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures.”

The purpose of this law was to forever keep the control of the nation’s money out of private hands. The idea was that Congress alone, the people’s duly elected representatives, should reserve this right.

If we will examine briefly the origin of money it will help to better understand what the framers of the Constitution had in mind. While it is true that money is a mysterious substance because of the intangible power that goes with it, yet when its origin is known, it becomes more understandable. It has always been to the advantage of the money changers to keep the people in darkness as to the inner workings of international finance. This is part of the scheme for enslaving the masses. They have skillfully created the impression that money technique is beyond ordinary comprehension.

The word money comes from the old Roman word Moneta, which was the name of a religious temple where gold was coined and deposited. The vaults of the place of worship were guarded by the priests. The yellow metal was regarded as being both precious and sacred.

Walking among the ruins of the ancient temple of Apollo in Delphi, Greece one day, I came upon a beautiful little building called the Athenian Treasury. Its floor had deep grooves carved out of solid rock. In these holes the pagan priests deposited the gold, silver, gems and jewels which were brought to them for safe keeping. The custodians of temple gold came to be known eventually as goldsmiths.

In olden times when a man produced more things than he needed for his personal use, the barter system was employed for exchange purposes. In other words, he would trade some object that he did not need for some other object that he did need.

Beginning about seven centuries before Christ, the custom of coining money was introduced. The power to thus create coins was vested entirely with kings. If an individual was caught usurping this right, he was put to death. This arrangement continued until about the year 1650 when certain changes began to occur which laid the foundation for modern banking.

The clever goldsmiths gained private control of the money of various nations, particularly England. Kings continued to manufacture gold and silver coins, but these began to be hidden away in vaults for the goldsmiths to use as a basis for issuing their own private money in the form of slips of paper. As the power of the goldsmiths increased, they were in many instances even able to control Kings.

Because the goldsmiths were the only persons who had safe places in which to hide valuables, the merchants adopted the plan of bringing their gold and silver coins to them for safe keeping. In exchange, the goldsmith would give the merchant a receipt or certificate. After a while these receipts came to be used for exchange purposes instead of coins. The merchants were soon buying things with their receipts.

Thus, paper money was born. Goldsmiths discovered before long that large quantities of gold and silver were accumulating on their hands, so they issued more receipts-currency. The love of money being the root of evil, designing goldsmiths conceived the plan of inflation and wrote out hundreds of times as many receipts as they had gold coins on deposit. This fraud was later made the lawful basis of modern currency. Had all of the receipt-holders demanded their gold and silver at the same time, there would have been a run on Mr. Goldsmith’s“bank”—and in all probability a banker would have been found the next morning hanging by the neck from the limbs of a nearby tree.

At this point in the evolution of money, the curse of interest was introduced. Goldsmiths were not content to loan something they did not possess; this alone was not sufficient to satisfy their greed; so they began requiring people to pay interest when they were forced to come back for more certificates.

So, by the “dog eat dog” process, merchants. were compelled to work and scheme in order to get other certificates from their fellows to be able to pay back the certificates which they had borrowed from the goldsmiths. Business began to be transacted in terms of interest-bearing certificates instead of coins. Meanwhile, the goldsmiths used interest as a means for holding merchants by the throat.

The invention of interest is called usury. It is the chain that binds the masses today. As long as the goldsmiths were able to control the gold, they could control the paper issued from the gold, and thus they could control the people who had to have the paper in order to live. Wherever the gold is, there rests the power to rule the world.

Hence the words of President Garfield: “Whoever controls the money of a nation, controls that nation.”

We have now seen how the trickery of the goldsmiths became the foundation of the modern gold standard. The gold reserve behind paper money is all that the goldsmiths of the twentieth century need to produce whatever panics, depressions, riots and spasms of anarchy they may desire.

That is why the international goldsmiths of today do not want to see silver taken as a basis for paper money as well as gold. There is so much silver in the world that it would be difficult for them to control it.

The late F. G. Bonfils once said: “All the gold produced in the world in 438 years would only make a block 38 feet square.” This is the kind of a golden-calf that the world worships. By controlling this huge nugget, the internationalists find it possible to rule the world.

The men who drafted the Constitution wanted to keep the modern goldsmiths from gaining control of the nation. They, therefore, placed the right to govern the country’s finances solely in the hands of Congress. Under this plan, the most prosperous nation in the world was built up in less than one hundred years.

But international bankers are not fools. They waited until the opportune time came and prevailed upon Congressmen to vote away the Constitutional rights of the people to “coin money (and) regulate the value thereof.” How this deception was put over constitutes one of the darkest chapters in American history. It was manipulated by the Rothschilds, the Warburgs and other families of Jewish bankers.

John Sherman, a United States Congressman from Ohio, was the tool that the Rothschilds used in driving in the opening wedge. Through their plot they were able to force Congress to vote the right of governing the money out of the hands of the people and give it over to private banking interests.

On June 25, 1863, the Rothschilds of London wrote Ikleheimer, Morton and Vandergould, their New York banking representatives, as follows:

“Dear Sirs:

Mr. John Sherman has written us from a town in Ohio, U.S.A., as to the profits that may be made in the National Banking business under a recent act of your Congress, a copy of which act accompanied his letters. Apparently this act has been drawn upon the plan formulated here last summer by the British Bankers Association and by that Association recommended to our American friends as one that if enacted into law, would prove highly profitable to the banking fraternity throughout the world.

“Mr. Sherman declares that there has never before been such an opportunity for capitalists to accumulate money, as that presented by this act and that the old plan of State Banks is so unpopular, that the new scheme will, by contrast be most favorably regarded, notwithstanding the fact that it gives the National Banks an almost absolute control of the National finance. ‘The few who can understand the system,’ he says ‘will either be so interested in its profits, or so dependent on its favors, that there will be no opposition from that class, while on the other hand, the great body of the people mentally incapable of comprehending the tremendous advantages that capital derives from the system, will bear its burdens without complaint and perhaps without even suspecting that the system is inimical to their interest.”

“Please advise us fully as to this matter and also state whether or not you will be of assistance to us, if we conclude to establish a National Bank in the City of New York. If you are acquainted with Mr. Sherman (he appears to have introduced the National Banking Act) we will be glad to know something of him. If we avail ourselves of the information he furnished, we will of course make due compensation.”

“Awaiting your reply, we are Your respectful servants,
Rothschild Brothers”

Ikleheimer, Morton and Vandergould replied as follows:

“Dear Sirs:

We beg to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of June 25th, in which you refer to a communication received from the Hon. John Sherman of Ohio, with reference to the advantages and profits of an American investment under the provision of our National Banking Act.”

“The fact that Mr. Sherman speaks well of such an investment or of any similar one, is certainly not without weight for that gentleman possesses in a marked degree, the distinguishing characteristics of the successful modern financier. His temperament is such that whatever his feelings may be they never cause him to lose sight of the main chance. He is young, shrewd and ambitious. He has fixed his eye upon the presidency of the United States and is already a member of Congress. He rightfully thinks he has everything to gain both politically and financially (he has financial ambitions too) by being friendly with men and institutions having large financial resources, and which at times, are not too particular in their methods, either of obtaining governmental aid, or protecting themselves against unfriendly legislation. We trust him here implicitly. His intellect and ambition combine to make him exceedingly valuable to us. Indeed, we predict that if his life is spared he will prove to be the best friend the monied interest of the world have ever had in America.”

“As to the organization of a National Bank here, and the nature and profits of such an investment, we beg leave to refer to our printed circular enclosed herein. Inquiries by European capitalists, concerning this matter, have been so numerous, that for convenience we have had our views with regard to it put into printed form.”

“Should you determine to organize a bank in this City, we shall be glad to aid you. We can easily find financial friends to make a satisfactory directory and to fill official positions not taken up by the personal representatives you will send over.”

“Your most obedient servants,
Ikleheimer, Morton and Vandergould.”

The National Banking Act was the ignoble deed which made it possible for Congress to delegate its power over the nation’s money to the international Jewish banking fraternity. What the National Banking Act started, the Federal Reserve System finished. Paul Warburg, president of Kuhn, Loeb and Company, was the German Jew, who was sent over to America. to finish perverting the country’s financial system. He is generally credited with having written the Federal Reserve Act which was enacted during the Jewish controlled Wilson Administration. From the hour this measure was adopted by Congress, the people lost complete control of their money.

Like Warburg, the founder of the House of Rothschild was also a German Jew. The original Rothschild was born in 1743 and his real name was Mayer Amschel. He was a money lender by trade and used a Red Shield as the emblem of his company, from which the name Rothschild was derived. Like a gigantic octopus the financial tentacles of this Jewish organization now reach into all parts of the world.

The primary purpose of the foregoing dissertation is to show how easy it would be for a group of internationally minded men to mould the world according to their desires if they had access to the sources from which money originates. To admit the possibility of such an arrangement is equivalent to admitting that such a plot as that disclosed by the Protocols of the Wise Men of Zion could exist.

If such a conspiracy could exist, then the only question remaining to be answered is, Do we have evidence to suppose that it does exist?

UNIVERSAL CRISIS

PROFESSOR Frederick Soddy of Oxford University takes the position that any group of financiers possessing the knowledge contained in the Protocols could bring the entire human family under their control if they wished to do so. “It is widely believed that there has been something akin to an actual conspiracy to enslave the world,” says Soddy. After mentioning the Protocols, he continues, “Conspiracy or not, there can be little question that the power these discoveries have put into the hands of financiers will, if not controlled, enable them in their own time and choice effectively to conquer the world.”

“Whether or not there is a conspiracy among the ‘chosen people’ to reestablish by gold the dominance they were wont to derive from God—and the Biblical history (Exodus XXXII) recalls a strictly parallel attempt, frustrated by the energetic action of their chief legislator—it must be admitted that it would be a revenge on science for its iconoclastic tendencies, not without a certain sardonic humor, if we wake up one day and find instead of the ten commandments a single rule of gold. These are conjectural possibilities, and, no doubt, as in the time of Moses, there are still Jews and Jews. Let us hope so, at least.”

Bearing all of these facts in mind and contemplating the further fact that the Protocols were evidently written about forty years ago, the following threat from the third Protocol seems to indeed be prophetic, “We shall create by all the secret subterranean methods open to us and with the aid of gold, which is all in our hands, a universal economic crisis whereby we shall throw upon the streets whole mobs of workers simultaneously in all the countries of Europe. Those mobs will rush delightedly to shed the blood of those whom, in the simplicity of their ignorance, they have envied from their cradles, and whose property they will then be able to loot”. 

“Ours they will not touch, because the moment of attack will be known to us and we shall take measures to protect our own.”

Individual nations have experienced crises at different times but not until the depression hit in 1929 had there ever been a “universal economic crisis.” One result of the depression through unemployment, has been to throw “whole mobs of workers” upon the streets of the world. These mobs are already shedding “the blood” of the officials of governments—and from all indications the worst is yet to come. “Ours they will not touch”, and it is a noteworthy fact that while Gentile fortunes were cracking up in 1929, there is no record that leading Jewish speculators lost anything by the crash of the stock markets. Their assets were such that they were prepared for the depression when it came. Newspaper reports are still declaring that the cause of the depression is a mystery.

Could it have been planned?

BANKERS AND BOLSHEVISM

ON September 10, 1920 The American Hebrew declared, “The Jew evolved organized capitalism with its working instrumentality, the banking system.”

In the year 1880, Feodor Dostoyevsky wrote the following, “Yes, she is on the eve of her fall, your Europe, of a fall, universal, general, terrible . . . Judaism and the banks now reign over everything, as much over Europe as over education, over the whole of civilization and Socialism, particularly over Socialism, because with its aid Judaism will tear out Christianity by the roots and destroy Christian culture. And if nothing comes of all this but anarchy, then even at the head of all will be found the Jew . . . and when all the wealth of Europe has been pillaged, the Jew bank alone will remain.”

For a long time, the connection between Bolshevism and international Jewish financiers was kept out of sight. But the public mind has a way of destroying camouflage and boring through to first causes. Perhaps the complete record will never be known but sufficient information has come to light to show that behind the so-called “Russian” revolution eighteen years ago, there was a bulwark of indomitable Jewish finance. In reality it was a “Jewish” revolution.

No informed person longer doubts that Bolshevism is controlled and directed by a mysterious hierarchy of Jewish financial wizards. The rank and file of poor and laboring classes whose minds have become warped by soap-box oratory and Red propaganda are simply being duped into destroying one another through anarchy, class hatreds and mob violence. If the workers of the world continue to place themselves at the mercy of the conspirators and are finally exhausted in revolutionary outbreaks, it will then be a simple matter for the financiers to gag them in the coils of a system of secret police as has been done in Russia. By this means the international Jewish Reds expect to eventually rule the world, with the Gentile masses reduced to a state of slavery.

Back in 1905, when the revolution in Russia was just beginning to foment on the surface, The Maccabean, a New York Hebrew journal, wrote, “The revolution in Russia is a Jewish revolution, a crisis in Jewish history. It is a Jewish revolution because Russia is the home of about half the Jews of the world, and an overturning of its despotic government must have a very important influence on the destines of the millions living there and on the many thousands who have recently emigrated to other countries. But the revolution in Russia is a Jewish revolution also because Jews are the most active revolutionists in the Czar’s empire.”

It is, therefore, erroneous to suppose that the unspeakable conditions now existing in Russia, in which the entire Gentile population has been reduced to the level of serfs, represents a sincere attempt on the part of the Russian laboring classes to improve their conditions.

Not only in the United States, but in all parts of the world, large sections of the Jewish press openly encouraged Bolshevism when it first began to get its grip on Russia. In London, the propaganda became so strong and violent that the Morning Post and other reputable journals gave the matter serious attention and wide publicity.

In 1919 the Jewish Chronicle had this to say, “There is much in the fact of Bolshevism itself, in the fact that so many Jews are Bolshevists, in the fact that the ideals of Bolshevism at many points are consonant with the finest ideals of Judaism.” 

On January 6, 1933 the same magazine stated, “Over one-third of the Jews in Russia have become officials”.

In his book, The Alien Menace, A. H. Lane, a British army officer, raises the question, Who supplied Lenin and Trotsky with the funds to smash the Russian government in 1917? He answers, “It is now known and clearly proved that the money was provided by a group of international financiers with headquarters in Berlin, Stockholm and New York. While Lenin took with him from Switzerland a number of alien revolutionaries collected from all parts of Europe, his chief lieutenant, Trotsky, brought with him a horde of aliens from the United States. Trotsky himself was in prison in Halifax, Nova Scotia when the call came for him to join Lenin in Russia. His release from prison, so that he might assist Lenin in organizing the Bolshevik revolution, is a mystery that has never been explained. What powerful influence compelled the British authorities to order his release and to grant permission for his transport to Russia?”

There were years of preparation and ocean depths of intrigue, behind the Russian holocaust. The plot was so carefully laid and the tracks of the despoilers were covered with such caution, that only now are the Gentiles realizing, to any appreciable degree, what actually took place. Certain “mystery men”, whose activities will never be fully known, were planted in different parts of the world like a great international dragnet.

An example of this is to be observed in the mysterious Dr. Helphand, who used the name Parvus as a literary pseudonym. A Russian Jew with the chief base for his operations in Stockholm, Helphand was a go-between for the conspirators of different countries. He possessed great riches and is described as an “obscure international speculator who acquired an enormous fortune, and styled himself as the ideal inspirer of Bolshevism.”

While Lenin and Trotsky did the dirty work on the surface, the true sponsors of world wide rebellion kept out of sight. Ganetsky-Furstenburg, another Jew who worked with Helphand, had financial interests which were also extensive and mysterious. A contemporary says that through these two strange individuals “the Bolsheviks used to obtain large sums of money from an unknown source abroad”.

Mr. Lane continues his appraisal of the situation, “How the subsidized alien revolutionaries, having invaded Russia, proceeded to murder and rob on a wholesale scale, has been recorded by many persons who had the misfortune to be in Russia during the Bolshevik revolution. All are agreed that the leaders of the revolution and the persons responsible for the most brutal and revolting murders were Jews”.

Victor E. Marsden was in Russia during, and immediately following, the revolution. He represented the London Morning Post and was in position to watch the Moscow bureaucracy as it was built from the ground up. Being in daily contact with the leaders he was able to study the personnel of the new dictatorship. Because he insisted on reporting the truth for the outside world to read, he incurred the wrath of the Jews, and though a British subject, was thrown into prison. He died a premature death from injuries thus sustained.

In 1934 I succeeded in securing from England a copy of the list of names and nationalities of the leaders which Mr. Marsden compiled while living in Moscow. I published this complete tabulation in the Revealer as a permanent silencer to certain Hebrew Christians and religious editors who, up until that time, had denied the Jewish character of Communism. The complete list, running from A through to Z, showed that there were 545 offices in the bureaucracy and that 454 of them were occupied by Jews. Reliable reports indicate that about the same ratio obtains today. The nationalities, thus published, were as follows:

  1. Jews 454
  2. Letts 33
  3. Russians 23
  4. Armenians 13
  5. Germans 12
  6. Fins 3
  7. Poles 2
  8. Georgians 1
  9. Karaims 1
  10. Hungarians 1
  11. Imeretians 1
  12. Czechs 1
    Total     545

Millions of dollars were required by Lenin to put over his revolution. Such staggering sums could not possibly have been raised from private contributions. Only powerful international bankers could have subsidized propaganda on such an enormous scale.

“At one time Trotsky was a favorite with Jacob Schiff”, said Congressman Louis T. McFadden in a speech before Congress in 1933. “During the war Trotsky edited Novy Mir and conducted mass meetings in New York. When he left the United States to return to Russia he is said on good authority to have traveled on Schiff’s money and under Schiff’s protection. He was captured by the British at Halifax and immediately, on advice from a highly placed personage, set free. Shortly after his arrival in Russia he was informed that he had a credit in Sweden at the Swedish branch of the bank owned by Max Warburg, of Hamburg. This credit helped to finance the seizure of the Russian revolution by the international Jewish bankers.”

A year later, in another address on the floor of Congress, McFadden said, “Students of radicalism know that the present Soviet Government in Russia was organized by aliens and usurpers and not representative of the thoughts and ideals of the one hundred and fifty million citizens of Russia . . . “

“I want to remind loyal Americans that it is well to remember the ‘boring-from-within’ tactics pursued by these aliens and usurpers in Soviet Russia caused the downfall of their Government and the setting up of the present Communist-Jewish control government which is now in operation, and to point out that the same kind of aliens and usurpers are now at work in the United States to establish a form of government other than constitutional government, and in order to do this they are seeking to paralyze industry, to destroy patriotism, and, finally, to secure the overthrow of government itself in the United States.”

A further example of unity between bankers and Bolshevicks is to be noted in the labors of Leonid Borisovitch Krassin. This man, a Siberian Jew, also possessed considerable means. He participated in a revolutionary plot in Russia, in 1907 and fled at once for Berlin where he started to work for a Jewish business concern. Two years later he returned to Russia as director of the St. Petersburg branch of his company.

In 1917 we find him working with the mysterious Dr. Helphand and Ganetsky-Furstenburg, using Stockholm as the center of their activities. They worked back and forth between St. Petersburg, Stockholm and Berlin. This was the year in which arrangements were made for transferring Lenin and Trotsky, with their gang of cut-throats, through Germany in a sealed train. Krassin was one of the ring-leaders in making advance preparations for this trip. Included in his circle of friends were the principal leaders of the Jewish banking fraternity of Germany.

Mrs. Webster sums this matter up in a single paragraph, “Krassin thus played a dual role, on one hand representing the interests of the great German-Jewish capitalists and on the other acting as lieutenant of Lenin, whose avowed aim was to destroy Capitalism. If any further evidence were needed of the connection between Bolshevism and international finance, the case of Krassin would provide it.”

Up until the time that Hitler came into power there was an intimate connection between Berlin and Moscow financiers. When the crisis of 1931 hit England, the newspapers announced that loans had become “frozen” in Germany, thus clogging the channels of finance. These reports were not true, however, for the reason, that although money had gone to Berlin, it had been passed on by Germany’s Jewish bankers to Soviet Russia where it “froze”.

This policy of destroying the financial equilibrium of the world is provided for in the statement of Menjinsky of the Moscow oligarchy, “As long as there are idiots to take our signature serious, and to put their trust in it, we must promise everything that is asked, and as much as one likes, if we can only get something tangible in exchange”.

Sensing the situation that funds going to Germany were being poured into Moscow, James W. Gerard declared in September 1931 that Germany “did not need any financial assistance and that a large percentage of loans from the United States was lent to Russia”. He added, “If we are going to do business with Russia, let us do it directly and not through Germany, which has arranged to give Soviet Russia millions of dollars’ credit to purchase commodities in Germany”.

Thus, the tricksters have the habit of crossing the wires of international finance for the purpose of creating unemployment and unrest among the masses. It is a simple matter for them to create the kind of conditions they want, by simply sitting at their desk and controlling the economic arteries of the world.

So we see that the Russian people are not only being ruthlessly ruled by a group of heartless foreigners, but this group has been financed and maintained from the beginning by international bankers who are also aliens in the respective countries where they live for the reason that their ideas are inconsistent with the national desires of the Gentiles whom they dominate by the power of gold.

And in November 1934, we find the President of the United States sending the following cablegram to the head of the Moscow dictatorship, “Please accept on this the seventeenth anniversary of the establishment of the Soviet Government the assurance of my best wishes for the welfare and prosperity of your Country.”

RUSSIA’S RUIN

THE British Foreign Office published a document in April 1919, containing a report written by their representative in Russia, September 6, 1918, which reads as follows: “I consider the immediate suppression of Bolshevism is the greatest issue before the world, not even excluding the war which is still raging, and unless, as above stated, Bolshevism is nipped in the bud immediately, it is bound to spread in one form or an other over Europe and the whole world, as it is organized and worked by Jews who have no nationality, and whose one object is to destroy for their own ends the existing order of things.”

In her book, From Liberty to Brest-Litovsk, Mrs. Ariadua Williams, the widow of a man who did journalistic work in Russia for years, says, “The predominant class which rapidly crystallized around the Bolshevicks was composed mainly of individuals alien to the Russian people. This fact is probably useful to them to keep control over the masses, for Bolshevist autocracy is founded on their absolute contempt for the people whom they rule. The most terrible trait of Bolshevism is its utter unscrupulousness as to ways and means, and the blunt cruelty of its leaders. Deceit, forgery, calumny, murder, violence, treachery—all the low, dark, brutal forces which mankind had for centuries endeavored to get rid of—have become weapons of governing at their hands . . . They especially numbered a great many Jews. They spoke Russian badly. The nation over which they had seized power was a stranger to them, and, besides, they behaved as invaders in a conquered country”.

In 1923 Lord Sydlenham declared in the House of Lords, “The total loss of life from the application of the principles of Karl Marx to Russia is now very little short of twenty million people. This is the most horrible crime in all history.”

On September 10, 1920 The American Hebrew said, “What Jewish idealism and Jewish discontent have so powerfully contributed to produce in Russia, the same historic qualities of the Jewish mind and heart are tending to promote in other countries”.

Even more significant is the following editorial from the newspaper, Communist, in April 1919, “Without exaggeration it may be said that the great Russian social revolution was indeed accomplished by the hands of Jews . . . The symbol of Jewry, which for centuries has struggled against capitalism, has also become the symbol of the Russian proletariat, which can be seen in the adoption of the Red five-pointed star, which in former times, as is well known, was the symbol of Zionism and Jewry.”

Sufficient has been quoted from both Gentile and Jewish sources to show unmistakably that internal Jews selected the Russian Empire, many years ago, as the logical country upon which to concentrate their efforts. By destroying Russia they were able to establish a base from which to operate in carrying out their plan to rule the world. Back as far as 1893-94 the Czar’s government knew that the B’nai B’rith of New York had appointed Jacob Schiff to the position of chairman of the committee on Revolutionary Activities in Russia. In other words, Schiff sat in his office as president of Kuhn, Loeb and Company, in Wall Street, and directed the explosive outbursts against the government in far away Russia.

The B’nai B’rith is an international secret organization to which only Jews can belong. It covers its political activities under the cloak of “benevolence and philanthropy”. It was founded by a group of German Jews in New York in the year 1843. It maintains local organizations in all parts of the United States. We have the following statement on good authority, “From its inception until the present time, its main contact has been with Germany and its chief aim the establishment of the supremacy of the German Jews in all world affairs through the channel of ‘internationalism’ . . . The political activities of the leaders of the order in Roumania, Austria and Hungary are a matter of record, although the chief center of their power is in the United States where they have lately attained supremacy in the Jewish world by absorbing ‘national’ Zionism and submitting it wholly to their own ‘international’ policy when the Jewish World Agency was created in October, 1928.”

The former Grand Master of the Order of the B’nai B’rith in Russia, a Jew by the name of Sliozberg, was one of the early leaders in revolutionary activities.

Schiff, being a German Jew, fitted into the B’nai B’rith program perfectly. He was born in one of the Rothschild houses in Frankfort, Germany and after arriving in America married the daughter of Loeb, thus becoming a part of the banking family Kuhn, Loeb and Company, the concern which is credited with having financed Lenin and Trotsky in overthrowing the Russian Empire.

That Schiff was determined to destroy Russia is further evidenced by the fact that he financed Japan’s previous war against the Czar’s government. The Jewish Encyclopaedia says, “It (Kuhn, Loeb and Company) subscribed for and floated the large Japanese war loan in 1904-05, in recognition of which the Mikado conferred on Schiff the second order of the Sacred Treasure of Japan.” When Theodore Roosevelt offered to serve as peacemaker between Russia and Japan and a conference between representatives of the belligerents was arranged to take place in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, Schiff was present to demand his pound of flesh.

Referring to the power that Jewish bankers wield over American finance, Congressman McFadden gave this interesting insight into the life of Schiff while delivering a recent address before Congress, “It was a mistake for the United States to permit the integrity of its foreign policy to be jeopardized or affected adversely by such religious, racial, and financial meddling as that practiced upon us by Schiff and his London associates. The United States should manage its foreign affairs with more distinction than that which is implied by the picture of Jacob Schiff shaking his fist at the White House and muttering threats against William Howard Taft, then President of the United States.”

While in Paris recently I talked with a former General who served in the army of the Czar prior to the revolution. This venerable old gentleman, a sincere Christian, now lives in exile from his native Russia.

Few men were closer to the Czar and the royal family than this man. He told me many things about the inner workings of the Jewish plot which finally resulted in the destruction of his Country. The pogroms that occurred from time to time in Russia were attempts on the part of the Gentile population to protect themselves against what they saw coming.

For instance, there were thousands of secret printing presses, owned by Jews, hidden in cellars and garrets, which poured forth a constant stream of subversive literature for the purpose of inflaming Gentiles against one another. The Czar and his agents were by no means blind to this assault but the conspirators were so well organized and financed that the government became helpless in their grasp.

The former General told me that the Czar once said to him: “My heart bleeds because my poor people can not be made to understand that Jewish leaders have organized to destroy them.”

The Czar made a careful study of the Protocols, according to the General, and lived for several years in a state of fear as he saw the plot taking form, which these documents disclose. Russian officials who were conversant with the Protocols believed in their authenticity because of the manner in which they were being fulfilled.

As these words are written I have before me a reproduction of a photograph produced by Robert Wilton of the London Times which shows the room in which the Czar and his family were murdered in the little town of Ekaterinburg. They died horrible deaths at the hands of merciless Red beasts in 1918 after having been banished to Siberia.

The murder was planned by the Jew Sverdlov, and carried out by the Jews Yourovsky, Goloshchekin, Syromolotov, Safarov and Voikov. Mr. Wilton remarks, “This was an act not of the Russian people, but of this hostile invader”.

Gleb Botkin, whose father was the personal physician of the royal family, reconstructs vividly the killing of these people, in his book The Real Romanovs. He says that the Czar, Czarina, their four daughters, and young son were slaughtered like cattle. “Nobody knows exactly to what indignities the unfortunate Sovereigns and their children were subjected during the last months of their captivity. They were forced to live in the closest association with their perennially drunk and debauched jailers whose rooms adjoined those of the prisoners. Not only were they forced to eat, at one table with the Bolshevick soldiers, but from one common bowl. In short, the last period of captivity was one of a living martyrdom which it is difficult even to faintly visualize.

“On the night of July 16-17, 1918, the Commissar Yourovsky woke up his prisoners and told them to go down to the cellar . . . The prisoners dressed themselves as ordered and went to the cellar.” They never came out alive.

The name of the town Ekaterinburg has been changed to Sverdlovsk, in honor of the Jewish President of the court, Sverdlov, who ordered the assassination.

After the murder, a formal inquest was held, many photographs were taken of the room in which the crime was committed, the bodies were exhumed, and careful reports were made. The picture mentioned above which was published by Mr. Wilton in his book The Last Days of the Romanovs was reproduced from the official records compiled by the Bolshevicks. On one of the walls where the victims were murdered, there appears an occult Jewish Cabbalistic inscription. There are three letters and a strange mark in the mysterious inscription, written in a Hebrew manner from left to right.

After giving a detailed interpretation of the hidden meaning of these Cabbalistic markings, Mrs. Fry concludes, “Whoever wrote this inscription was a man well versed in the secrets of the ancient Jewish Cabbalism, as contained in the Cabbala and the Talmud. In accomplishing the deed in obedience to superior order, this man performed a rite of black magic. It is for this reason that he commemorated his act by a Cabbalistic inscription in cipher, which belonged to the rite.”

“The inscription therefore proves:”

“1. That the Czar was killed.”

“2. That the murder of the Czar was committed by men under the command of occult forces; and by an organization which, in its struggle against existing power, resorted to the ancient Cabbalism in which it was well versed.”

The dictionary definitions of the words Cabal and Cabbala are, Cabal, “To form a plot”, and Cabbala, “The mystic theosophy of the Hebrews. Any occult or mystic system.”

The deeper one goes into a study of the Protocols, the more firmly he is gripped with the fact that they are rooted in the deepest, most mysterious and Satanic occultism known to the human family.

We need to remember that Karl Marx, another German Jew, wrote the First Communist Manifesto in 1848. From all indications, he was one of the ring leaders of the Hidden Hand of his day. His writings constitute the highest standard of authority in the ranks of Reds all over the world at the present time. In Russia, the people have been worn down by starvation to a state of utter helplessness. This condition was anticipated in Protocol number three, “We appear on the scene as alleged saviours of the worker from this oppression when we propose to him to enter the ranks of our fighting forces—Socialists, Anarchists, Communists—to whom we always give support in accordance with an alleged brotherly rule (of the solidarity of all humanity) of our social masonry. The aristocracy, which enjoyed by law the labour of the workers, was interested in seeing that the workers were well fed, healthy and strong. We are interested in just the opposite—in the diminution, the killing out of the goyim. Our power is in the chronic shortness of food and physical weakness of the worker because by all that this implies he is made the slave of our will, and he will not find in his own authorities either strength or energy to set against our will.”

Protocol number three also outlines the system of secret police with which the Russian people are now cursed, known as the GPU, “These beasts, (the workers who have been stirred to form mobs and riots) it is true, fall asleep again every time when they have drunk their fill of blood, and at such times can easily be riveted into their chains. But if they be not given blood they will not sleep and continue to struggle.”

The entire Bolshevick government is concentrated at one point—Moscow. All liberties have been denied the Russian masses and the people have become slaves of the state. These are features of the plot recorded in Protocol number five many years before the Jews took over the country, “We shall create an intensified centralisation of government in order to grip in our hands all the forces of the community. We shall regulate mechanically all the actions of the political life of our subjects by new laws. These laws will withdraw one by one all the indulgences and liberties which have been permitted by the goyim, and our kingdom will be distinguished by despotism of such magnificent proportions as to be at any moment and in every place in a position to wipe out any goyim who oppose us by deed or word.”

Constant terror is a part of the Bolshevick program in Russia. By this means the people are kept in a weakened state of perpetual fear. This reign of misery is provided for in Protocol number nine, “It is from us that the all-engulfing terror proceeds. We have in our service persons of all opinions, of all doctrines, restorating monarchists, demagogues, socialists, communists, and utopian dreamers of every kind. We have harnessed them all to the task: each one of them on his own account is boring away at the last remnants of authority, is striving to overthrow all established form of order. By these acts all States are in torture; they exhort to tranquility, are ready to sacrifice everything for peace: but we will not give them peace until they openly acknowledge our international Super-Government, and with submissiveness.”

Since the Talmud, as well as the Protocols, regard Gentiles as being no better than animals, religion is to be taken from them and atheism substituted. Everyone knows that this has since been done in Russia. “When we come into our kingdom it will be undesirable for us that there should exist any other religion than ours of the One God with whom our destiny is bound up by our position as the Chosen People, and through whom our same destiny is united with the destinies of the world. We must therefore sweep away all other forms of belief. If this gives birth to the atheists whom we see today, it will not, being only a transitional stage, interfere with our views, but will serve as a warning for those generations which will hearken to our preaching of the religion of Moses, that, by its stable and thoroughly elaborated system has brought all the peoples of the world into subjection to us.”

The destruction of Christianity is contemplated in Protocol seventeen, “Freedom of conscience has been declared everywhere, so that now only years divide us from the moment of the complete wrecking of that Christian religion: as to other religions we shall have still less difficulty in dealing with them, but it would be premature to speak of this now. We shall set clericalism and clericals into such narrow frames as to make their influence move in retrogressive proportion to its former progress.”

Protocol number fifteen threatened the destruction of the “Russian autocracy”. This took place on scheduled time as we have seen from the killing of the Czar and his family.

In the foregoing brief synopsis we have barely scratched the surface of the scheme as it has been carried out in Russia to say nothing of the world-wide aspect of the plot now unfolding on an international scale.

All over the world it is possible to trace the sinister workings of the program revealed in these documents. It is an interesting diversion to be able to hold the Protocols in one hand, the daily newspaper in the other, and see how often the latter reflects the evident subterranean activities of the former.

If it is true that “the proof of the pudding is in the eating”, it is also true that the glaring fulfillment of the Protocols is one of the chief arguments for their authenticity.

Order from – Sons of Liberty, P.O.Box 214, Metairie, La. 70004 U.S.A. truth.htm

The Picts have long been regarded as enigmatic savages who fought off Rome’s legions before mysteriously disappearing from history, wild tribesmen who refused to sacrifice their freedom in exchange for the benefits of civilisation. But far from the primitive warriors of popular imagination, they actually built a highly sophisticated culture in northern Scotland in the latter half of the first millennium AD, which surpassed their Anglo-Saxon rivals in many respects.

A study of one the most important archaeological discoveries in Scotland for 30 years, a Pictish monastery at Portmahomack on the Tarbat peninsula in Easter Ross, has found that they were capable of great art, learning and the use of complex architectural principles.

The monastery – an enclosure centred on a church thought to have housed about 150 monks and workers – was similar to St Columba’s religious centre at Iona and there is evidence they would have made gospel books similar to the Book of Kells and religious artefacts such as chalices to supply numerous “daughter monasteries”.

And, in a discovery described as “astonishing, mind-blowing” by architectural historians, it appears that the people who built the monastery did so using the proportions of “the Golden Section”, or “Divine Proportion” as it became known during the Renaissance hundreds of years later. This ratio of dimensions, 1.618 to one, appears in nature, such as in the spiral of seashells, and the faces of people considered beautiful, such as Marilyn Monroe. It can be seen in Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, the Alhambra palace of Granada in Spain, the Acropolis in Athens and the Egyptian Pyramids, but was thought to have been too advanced for the Picts.

“The Picts have always been an attractive lost people, they are one of the most interesting lost peoples of Europe,” said Martin Carver, a professor of archaeology at York University who has worked on the site since the mid-1990s, and recently written a book detailing the findings. “The big question is what happened to them and did they ever really make a kingdom of their own.”

The answer to the latter question seems an emphatic yes, based on the findings at Portmahomack, which is remote today but would have once been a key point on sea routes in the North Sea. “They would have been dreaming of a New Rome and a new world connected by water rather than Roman roads,” said Professor Carver. “They were the most extraordinary artists. They could draw a wolf, a salmon, an eagle on a piece of stone with a single line and produce a beautiful naturalistic drawing. Nothing as good as this is found between Portmahomack and Rome. Even the Anglo-Saxons didn’t do stone-carving as well as the Picts did. Not until the post-Renaissance were people able to get across the character of animals just like that.”

In addition to stone carving, the archaeologists found evidence that vellum, chalices and other religious artefacts were being made at the site on a considerable scale. Vellum, a form of paper made from animal skin, would have been used to make highly decorative gospel books. The cemetery, containing graves of middle-aged and elderly men almost exclusively, and a piece of stone bearing a tantalisingly incomplete inscription provided other key clues as to the Christian nature of the site.

“The most important piece had a Latin inscription. That’s as common as muck in the Mediterranean, but extremely rare in Scotland,” said Professor Carver, who previously led research into the Anglo-Saxon burial mound at Sutton Hoo, Suffolk. “It says ‘This is the cross of Christ in memory of Reo…’ and the rest is broken away. Unfortunately the key bit, the name of the person, is missing. It means there’s someone around there who knows how to write in the eighth century. That itself is a revelation.”

A Pictish wall, which is believed to have formed part of the original monastery’s church, was discovered in the basement of the derelict church on the site, which has now been turned into a visitor centre. But it was the dimensions of another structure within the complex, the “Smith’s Hall”, that attracted particular attention as it was made with “a startling symmetry offering us more than just competence in construction”.

A detailed study was made of the horse-shoe shaped building, searching for the unit of measurement used by the Picts. Professor Carver said a “Tarbat foot” of 12-and-a-half inches seemed to have been the standard measure used to make hall and other parts of the monastery. He also found the ratios of lengths of different walls and bays inside the window conformed to the architectural principle called the Golden Section. “The Golden Section, together with its inverse, the Golden Number, 1.618, has been valued by artists for millennia … and it is a true delight to observe it among their architects,” he said. “It shows the importance of symbol and worship in everything done in the service of the Christian God.

“There is something rather intriguing in the learnt character of them. This is a building put up to house metal workers. It’s the idea they were all possessed of the same kind of knowledge and all trying to serve it.”

Jean Gowans, who recently retired as chairman of the Architectural Heritage Society of Scotland, said the idea the Picts had been using the Golden Section was “wonderful, astonishing”.

“It really is absolutely fascinating. It’s mind-blowing stuff,” she said. “This is staggering to hear, but I’m not totally surprised. I think they were pretty sophisticated, when you think of all the Pictish stones and the wonderful carvings that they made, a lot more sophisticated than perhaps they are given credit for in public perception.”

The monastery at Portmahomack suffered a major fire in the ninth century and several stone sculptures were smashed, suggesting it was sacked by an invading force, likely to be Vikings intent on expanding their territories in northern Scotland. The site continued to be occupied but at this point evidence of a monastic settlement disappears.

However, the shared religion of the Picts and Scots may have helped them unite against a common enemy, ultimately creating the kingdom of Scotland. “There was a war as important as Alfred’s against the Danes [in England] and the Picts got really battered. In the Annals of Ulster, there are records of battles where the flower of Pictish aristocracy is killed,” Professor Carver said.

“Portmahomack got burnt down pretty definitively round about 820. The idea is they were under new masters. It could be the Norse or the Men of Moray, MacBeth and his family. I think Portmahomack was captured by the Men of Moray. The Norse wanted it badly but they didn’t get it. There is no Norse material there. There was no more vellum-making and sculpture and it stopped being a monastery. In the ninth to 11th centuries, they are making metal work, but that’s the real Dark Age.”

Portmahomack: Monastery of the Picts is published by Edinburgh University Press

Tribes that resisted the Romans

Picts was the name which the Romans gave to a confederation of tribes living beyond the reach of their empire, north of the Forth and Clyde.

The name makes its first known appearance in the works of a third-century orator, Eumenius, and is assumed to come from the Latin word pingere, “to paint”, suggesting they painted or tattooed their bodies.

But what name they called themselves, or what language they spoke, we do not know.

One thing that puzzled outsiders is that they were the last people on these islands to trace their lineage through their mothers. The Venerable Bede, writing in 731, said that the Picts had come from mainland Europe,presumablyScandinavia, to northern Ireland to ask for land, but the Irish sent them on to Scotland.

Hence a myth that the Picts were given Irish wives, on condition that they became matrilineal.

Other wild stories included that they were dark-skinned pygmies who hid in holes in the ground during the afternoon, but had magical powers at night.

Probably they were a coalition of indigenous tribes brought together by the Roman threat.

In Bede’s lifetime, the Picts were defeated in war by the Northumbrians and converted to Roman Christianity.

Andy McSmith

Source with irritating ads and videos that start by themselves:  https://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/the-truth-about-the-picts-886098.html


Other interesting references to read….

The Picts… Lords of the Rings set in stone…  http://mcjazz.f2s.com/Picts.htm

The Romans called this pre-Celtic people Pictii, or “Painted,” although Claudius‘ words are proof that (as claimed by many historians), the ancient Picts actually tattooed their bodies with designs. To the non-Roman Celtic world of Scots and Irish and the many tribes of Belgic England and Wales they were known as “Cruithni” and for many centuries they represented the unbridled fury of a people who refused to be brought under the yoke of Rome or any foreign invader.  Aberdeenshire was their heartland.  Aberdeenshire, Banffshire, Moray and Kincardineshire are counties in North East Scotland with the highest density of prehistoric and early-historic monuments per square mile in the whole of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland.

 

 

Neolithic Brú na Bóinne in Myth and Folklorehttp://www.miotas.org/article.cfm?id=Newgrange

We’re going to position the three great tumuli of NewgrangeDowth and Knowth at Brú na Bóinne in the European Neolithic of about 3,000BC. In this discussion we look at the myth, ritual and fairy tale that are associated with the site. For those unfamiliar with Brú na Bóinne, mythicalireland.com has an excellent interactive map of the various monuments for the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.

With regard to the multitudinous designs with which the megaliths of the tumuli at Brú na Bóinne are covered, Marija Gimbutas, concluded after her extensive archaeological work on the Old European Civilisation 7,500~4,500BC in the Balkans that there are essentially two broad categories of symbol:

One set consisting of:

simple parallel lines, V’s, zigzags, chevrons, and meanders, and spirals; related to: water or rain, the snake and the bird.

And a second set consisting of: the cross, the encircled cross (and more complex derivations of this basic motif which symbolically connects the four corners of the world), the crescent, horn, caterpillar, egg and fish; related to: the moon, the vegetal life-cycle, the rotation of the seasons and the birth and growth essential to the perpetuation of life. i


Google search:  Pictish CrossPortmahomack pict

Why Rothschilds really wanted the murder of Tzar Nicholas II and his Christian Family: NWO Revenge!

What your seeing in Europe today 2012 as a fiscal crises manufactured for the sole intentions of having the individual countries of Europe sign over their sovereignty to form a grand Central Bank of Europe for an run by the house of Rothschild. The evil eminence own daughter came with the paperwork and each country signed over sovereignty it was assured because this time they had their man in charge in each county whether a technocrat or elected they all signed.  Europe now has their own FED!! Awful isn’t it. 2012!

But if we look back in time the Rothschild tried to have Europe once before become a world government this was in Tsar Alexander I of Russia’s time. And All of Europe indebted to Rothschild family was ready to sign their sovereignty back then All except for one, Lincoln’s friend. The Tsar of Russia! Rothschild was so upset that he sent in his assassins but the dream of  a one world government wasn’t meant to be just yet.. So how did Rothschild’s get so damn powerful?

https://jonkirby2012.wordpress.com/2012/11/04/why-rothschilds-really-wanted-the-murder-of-tzar-nicholas-ii-and-his-christian-family/

The Zionist Role in the Bolshevik Revolution
and Russia’s Early Soviet Regime

Assessing the Grim Legacy of Soviet Communism

by Mark Weber

In the night of July 16-17, 1918, a squad of Bolshevik secret police murdered Russia’s last emperor, Tsar Nicholas II, along with his wife, Tsaritsa Alexandra, their 14-year-old son, Tsarevich Alexis, and their four daughters. They were cut down in a hail of gunfire in a half-cellar room of the house in Ekaterinburg, a city in the Ural mountain region, where they were being held prisoner. The daughters were finished off with bayonets. To prevent a cult for the dead Tsar, the bodies were carted away to the countryside and hastily buried in a secret grave.

Bolshevik authorities at first reported that the Romanov emperor had been shot after the discovery of a plot to liberate him. For some time the deaths of the Empress and the children were kept secret. Soviet historians claimed for many years that local Bolsheviks had acted on their own in carrying out the killings, and that Lenin, founder of the Soviet state, had nothing to do with the crime.

In 1990, Moscow playwright and historian Edvard Radzinsky announced the result of his detailed investigation into the murders. He unearthed the reminiscences of Lenin’s bodyguard, Alexei Akimov, who recounted how he personally delivered Lenin’s execution order to the telegraph office. The telegram was also signed by Soviet government chief Yakov Sverdlov. Akimov had saved the original telegraph tape as a record of the secret order.1

Radzinsky’s research confirmed what earlier evidence had already indicated. Leon Trotsky — one of Lenin’s closest colleagues — had revealed years earlier that Lenin and Sverdlov had together made the decision to put the Tsar and his family to death. Recalling a conversation in 1918, Trotsky wrote:2

My next visit to Moscow took place after the [temporary] fall of Ekaterinburg [to anti-Communist forces]. Speaking with Sverdlov, I asked in passing: “Oh yes, and where is the Tsar?”

“Finished,” he replied. “He has been shot.”

“And where is the family?”

“The family along with him.”

“All of them?,” I asked, apparently with a trace of surprise.

“All of them,” replied Sverdlov. “What about it?” He was waiting to see my reaction. I made no reply.

“And who made the decision?,” I asked.

“We decided it here. Ilyich [Lenin] believed that we shouldn’t leave the Whites a live banner to rally around, especially under the present difficult circumstances.”

I asked no further questions and considered the matter closed.

Recent research and investigation by Radzinsky and others also corroborates the account provided years earlier by Robert Wilton, correspondent of the London Times in Russia for 17 years. His account, The Last Days of the Romanovs – originally published in 1920, and reissued in 1993 by the Institute for Historical Review — is based in large part on the findings of a detailed investigation carried out in 1919 by Nikolai Sokolov under the authority of “White” (anti-Communist) leader Alexander Kolchak. Wilton’s book remains one of the most accurate and complete accounts of the murder of Russia’s imperial family.3

A solid understanding of history has long been the best guide to comprehending the present and anticipating the future. Accordingly, people are most interested in historical questions during times of crisis, when the future seems most uncertain. With the collapse of Communist rule in the Soviet Union, 1989-1991, and as Russians struggle to build a new order on the ruins of the old, historical issues have become very topical. For example, many ask: How did the Bolsheviks, a small movement guided by the teachings of German-Jewish social philosopher Karl Marx, succeed in taking control of Russia and imposing a cruel and despotic regime on its people?

In recent years, Jews around the world have been voicing anxious concern over the specter of anti-Semitism in the lands of the former Soviet Union. In this new and uncertain era, we are told, suppressed feelings of hatred and rage against Jews are once again being expressed. According to one public opinion survey conducted in 1991, for example, most Russians wanted all Jews to leave the country.4 But precisely why is anti-Jewish sentiment so widespread among the peoples of the former Soviet Union? Why do so many Russians, Ukrainians, Lithuanians and others blame “the Jews” for so much misfortune?

A Taboo Subject

Although officially Jews have never made up more than five percent of the country’s total population,5 they played a highly disproportionate and probably decisive role in the infant Bolshevik regime, effectively dominating the Soviet government during its early years. Soviet historians, along with most of their colleagues in the West, for decades preferred to ignore this subject. The facts, though, cannot be denied.

With the notable exception of Lenin (Vladimir Ulyanov), most of the leading Communists who took control of Russia in 1917-20 were Jews. Leon Trotsky (Lev Bronstein) headed the Red Army and, for a time, was chief of Soviet foreign affairs. Yakov Sverdlov (Solomon) was both the Bolshevik party’s executive secretary and — as chairman of the Central Executive Committee — head of the Soviet government. Grigori Zinoviev (Radomyslsky) headed the Communist International (Comintern), the central agency for spreading revolution in foreign countries. Other prominent Jews included press commissar Karl Radek (Sobelsohn), foreign affairs commissar Maxim Litvinov (Wallach), Lev Kamenev (Rosenfeld) and Moisei Uritsky.6

Lenin himself was of mostly Russian and Kalmuck ancestry, but he was also one-quarter Jewish. His maternal grandfather, Israel (Alexander) Blank, was a Ukrainian Jew who was later baptized into the Russian Orthodox Church.7

A thorough-going internationalist, Lenin viewed ethnic or cultural loyalties with contempt. He had little regard for his own countrymen. “An intelligent Russian,” he once remarked, “is almost always a Jew or someone with Jewish blood in his veins.”8

Critical Meetings

In the Communist seizure of power in Russia, the Jewish role was probably critical.

Two weeks prior to the Bolshevik “October Revolution” of 1917, Lenin convened a top secret meeting in St. Petersburg (Petrograd) at which the key leaders of the Bolshevik party’s Central Committee made the fateful decision to seize power in a violent takeover. Of the twelve persons who took part in this decisive gathering, there were four Russians (including Lenin), one Georgian (Stalin), one Pole (Dzerzhinsky), and six Jews.9

To direct the takeover, a seven-man “Political Bureau” was chosen. It consisted of two Russians (Lenin and Bubnov), one Georgian (Stalin), and four Jews (Trotsky, Sokolnikov, Zinoviev, and Kamenev).10 Meanwhile, the Petersburg (Petrograd) Soviet — whose chairman was Trotsky — established an 18-member “Military Revolutionary Committee” to actually carry out the seizure of power. It included eight (or nine) Russians, one Ukrainian, one Pole, one Caucasian, and six Jews.11 Finally, to supervise the organization of the uprising, the Bolshevik Central Committee established a five-man “Revolutionary Military Center” as the Party’s operations command. It consisted of one Russian (Bubnov), one Georgian (Stalin), one Pole (Dzerzhinsky), and two Jews (Sverdlov and Uritsky).12

Contemporary Voices of Warning

Well-informed observers, both inside and outside of Russia, took note at the time of the crucial Jewish role in Bolshevism. Winston Churchill, for one, warned in an article published in the February 8, 1920, issue of the London Illustrated Sunday Herald that Bolshevism is a “worldwide conspiracy for the overthrow of civilization and for the reconstitution of society on the basis of arrested development, of envious malevolence, and impossible equality.” The eminent British political leader and historian went on to write:13

There is no need to exaggerate the part played in the creation of Bolshevism and in the actual bringing about of the Russian Revolution by these international and for the most part atheistical Jews. It is certainly a very great one; it probably outweighs all others. With the notable exception of Lenin, the majority of the leading figures are Jews. Moreover, the principal inspiration and driving power comes from the Jewish leaders. Thus Tchitcherin, a pure Russian, is eclipsed by his nominal subordinate, Litvinoff, and the influence of Russians like Bukharin or Lunacharski cannot be compared with the power of Trotsky, or of Zinovieff, the Dictator of the Red Citadel (Petrograd), or of Krassin or Radek — all Jews. In the Soviet institutions the predominance of Jews is even more astonishing. And the prominent, if not indeed the principal, part in the system of terrorism applied by the Extraordinary Commissions for Combatting Counter-Revolution [the Cheka] has been taken by Jews, and in some notable cases by Jewesses.

Needless to say, the most intense passions of revenge have been excited in the breasts of the Russian people.

David R. Francis, United States ambassador in Russia, warned in a January 1918 dispatch to Washington: “The Bolshevik leaders here, most of whom are Jews and 90 percent of whom are returned exiles, care little for Russia or any other country but are internationalists and they are trying to start a worldwide social revolution.”14

The Netherlands’ ambassador in Russia, Oudendyke, made much the same point a few months later: “Unless Bolshevism is nipped in the bud immediately, it is bound to spread in one form or another over Europe and the whole world as it is organized and worked by Jews who have no nationality, and whose one object is to destroy for their own ends the existing order of things.”15

“The Bolshevik Revolution,” declared a leading American Jewish community paper in 1920, “was largely the product of Jewish thinking, Jewish discontent, Jewish effort to reconstruct.”16

As an expression of its radically anti-nationalist character, the fledgling Soviet government issued a decree a few months after taking power that made anti-Semitism a crime in Russia. The new Communist regime thus became the first in the world to severely punish all expressions of anti-Jewish sentiment.17 Soviet officials apparently regarded such measures as indispensable. Based on careful observation during a lengthy stay in Russia, American-Jewish scholar Frank Golder reported in 1925 that “because so many of the Soviet leaders are Jews anti-Semitism is gaining [in Russia], particularly in the army [and] among the old and new intelligentsia who are being crowded for positions by the sons of Israel.”18

Historians’ Views

Summing up the situation at that time, Israeli historian Louis Rapoport writes:19

Immediately after the [Bolshevik] Revolution, many Jews were euphoric over their high representation in the new government. Lenin’s first Politburo was dominated by men of Jewish origins.

Under Lenin, Jews became involved in all aspects of the Revolution, including its dirtiest work. Despite the Communists’ vows to eradicate anti-Semitism, it spread rapidly after the Revolution — partly because of the prominence of so many Jews in the Soviet administration, as well as in the traumatic, inhuman Sovietization drives that followed. Historian Salo Baron has noted that an immensely disproportionate number of Jews joined the new Bolshevik secret police, the Cheka And many of those who fell afoul of the Cheka would be shot by Jewish investigators.

The collective leadership that emerged in Lenin’s dying days was headed by the Jew Zinoviev, a loquacious, mean-spirited, curly-haired Adonis whose vanity knew no bounds.

“Anyone who had the misfortune to fall into the hands of the Cheka,” wrote Jewish historian Leonard Schapiro, “stood a very good chance of finding himself confronted with, and possibly shot by, a Jewish investigator.”20 In Ukraine, “Jews made up nearly 80 percent of the rank-and-file Cheka agents,” reports W. Bruce Lincoln, an American professor of Russian history.21 (Beginning as the Cheka, or Vecheka) the Soviet secret police was later known as the GPU, OGPU, NKVD, MVD and KGB.)

In light of all this, it should not be surprising that Yakov M. Yurovksy, the leader of the Bolshevik squad that carried out the murder of the Tsar and his family, was Jewish, as was Sverdlov, the Soviet chief who co-signed Lenin’s execution order.22

Igor Shafarevich, a Russian mathematician of world stature, has sharply criticized the Jewish role in bringing down the Romanov monarchy and establishing Communist rule in his country. Shafarevich was a leading dissident during the final decades of Soviet rule. A prominent human rights activist, he was a founding member of the Committee on the Defense of Human Rights in the USSR.

In Russophobia, a book written ten years before the collapse of Communist rule, he noted that Jews were “amazingly” numerous among the personnel of the Bolshevik secret police. The characteristic Jewishness of the Bolshevik executioners, Shafarevich went on, is most conspicuous in the execution of Nicholas II:23

This ritual action symbolized the end of centuries of Russian history, so that it can be compared only to the execution of Charles I in England or Louis XVI in France. It would seem that representatives of an insignificant ethnic minority should keep as far as possible from this painful action, which would reverberate in all history. Yet what names do we meet? The execution was personally overseen by Yakov Yurovsky who shot the Tsar; the president of the local Soviet was Beloborodov (Vaisbart); the person responsible for the general administration in Ekaterinburg was Shaya Goloshchekin. To round out the picture, on the wall of the room where the execution took place was a distich from a poem by Heine (written in German) about King Balthazar, who offended Jehovah and was killed for the offense.

In his 1920 book, British veteran journalist Robert Wilton offered a similarly harsh assessment:24

The whole record of Bolshevism in Russia is indelibly impressed with the stamp of alien invasion. The murder of the Tsar, deliberately planned by the Jew Sverdlov (who came to Russia as a paid agent of Germany) and carried out by the Jews Goloshchekin, Syromolotov, Safarov, Voikov and Yurovsky, is the act not of the Russian people, but of this hostile invader.

In the struggle for power that followed Lenin’s death in 1924, Stalin emerged victorious over his rivals, eventually succeeding in putting to death nearly every one of the most prominent early Bolsheviks leaders – including Trotsky, Zinoviev, Radek, and Kamenev. With the passage of time, and particularly after 1928, the Jewish role in the top leadership of the Soviet state and its Communist party diminished markedly.

Put To Death Without Trial

For a few months after taking power, Bolshevik leaders considered bringing “Nicholas Romanov” before a “Revolutionary Tribunal” that would publicize his “crimes against the people” before sentencing him to death. Historical precedent existed for this. Two European monarchs had lost their lives as a consequence of revolutionary upheaval: England’s Charles I was beheaded in 1649, and France’s Louis XVI was guillotined in 1793.

In these cases, the king was put to death after a lengthy public trial, during which he was allowed to present arguments in his defense. Nicholas II, though, was neither charged nor tried. He was secretly put to death – along with his family and staff — in the dead of night, in an act that resembled more a gangster-style massacre than a formal execution.

Why did Lenin and Sverdlov abandon plans for a show trial of the former Tsar? In Wilton’s view, Nicholas and his family were murdered because the Bolshevik rulers knew quite well that they lacked genuine popular support, and rightly feared that the Russian people would never approve killing the Tsar, regardless of pretexts and legalistic formalities.

For his part, Trotsky defended the massacre as a useful and even necesssary measure. He wrote:25

The decision [to kill the imperial family] was not only expedient but necessary. The severity of this punishment showed everyone that we would continue to fight on mercilessly, stopping at nothing. The execution of the Tsar’s family was needed not only in order to frighten, horrify, and instill a sense of hopelessness in the enemy but also to shake up our own ranks, to show that there was no turning back, that ahead lay either total victory or total doom. This Lenin sensed well.

Historical Context

In the years leading up to the 1917 revolution, Jews were disproportionately represented in all of Russia’s subversive leftist parties.26 Jewish hatred of the Tsarist regime had a basis in objective conditions. Of the leading European powers of the day, imperial Russia was the most institutionally conservative and anti-Jewish. For example, Jews were normally not permitted to reside outside a large area in the west of the Empire known as the “Pale of Settlement.”27

However understandable, and perhaps even defensible, Jewish hostility toward the imperial regime may have been, the remarkable Jewish role in the vastly more despotic Soviet regime is less easy to justify. In a recently published book about the Jews in Russia during the 20th century, Russian-born Jewish writer Sonya Margolina goes so far as to call the Jewish role in supporting the Bolshevik regime the “historic sin of the Jews.”28 She points, for example, to the prominent role of Jews as commandants of Soviet Gulag concentration and labor camps, and the role of Jewish Communists in the systematic destruction of Russian churches. Moreover, she goes on, “The Jews of the entire world supported Soviet power, and remained silent in the face of any criticism from the opposition.” In light of this record, Margolina offers a grim prediction:

The exaggeratedly enthusiastic participation of the Jewish Bolsheviks in the subjugation and destruction of Russia is a sin that will be avenged Soviet power will be equated with Jewish power, and the furious hatred against the Bolsheviks will become hatred against Jews.

If the past is any indication, it is unlikely that many Russians will seek the revenge that Margolina prophecies. Anyway, to blame “the Jews” for the horrors of Communism seems no more justifiable than to blame “white people” for Negro slavery, or “the Germans” for the Second World War or “the Holocaust.”

Words of Grim Portent

Nicholas and his family are only the best known of countless victims of a regime that openly proclaimed its ruthless purpose. A few weeks after the Ekaterinburg massacre, the newspaper of the fledgling Red Army declared:29

Without mercy, without sparing, we will kill our enemies by the scores of hundreds, let them be thousands, let them drown themselves in their own blood. For the blood of Lenin and Uritskii let there be floods of blood of the bourgeoisie — more blood, as much as possible.

Grigori Zinoviev, speaking at a meeting of Communists in September 1918, effectively pronounced a death sentence on ten million human beings: “We must carry along with us 90 million out of the 100 million of Soviet Russia’s inhabitants. As for the rest, we have nothing to say to them. They must be annihilated.”30

‘The Twenty Million’

As it turned out, the Soviet toll in human lives and suffering proved to be much higher than Zinoviev’s murderous rhetoric suggested. Rarely, if ever, has a regime taken the lives of so many of its own people.31

Citing newly-available Soviet KGB documents, historian Dmitri Volkogonov, head of a special Russian parliamentary commission, recently concluded that “from 1929 to 1952, 21.5 million [Soviet] people were repressed. Of these a third were shot, the rest sentenced to imprisonment, where many also died.”32

Olga Shatunovskaya, a member of the Soviet Commission of Party Control, and head of a special commission during the 1960s appointed by premier Khrushchev, has similarly concluded: “From January 1, 1935 to June 22, 1941, 19,840,000 enemies of the people were arrested. Of these, seven million were shot in prison, and a majority of the others died in camp.” These figures were also found in the papers of Politburo member Anastas Mikoyan.33

Robert Conquest, the distinguished specialist of Soviet history, recently summed up the grim record of Soviet “repression” of it own people:34

It is hard to avoid the conclusion that the post-1934 death toll was well over ten million. To this should be added the victims of the 1930-1933 famine, the kulak deportations, and other anti-peasant campaigns, amounting to another ten million plus. The total is thus in the range of what the Russians now refer to as ‘The Twenty Million’.”

A few other scholars have given significantly higher estimates.35

The Tsarist Era in Retrospect

With the dramatic collapse of Soviet rule, many Russians are taking a new and more respectful look at their country’s pre-Communist history, including the era of the last Romanov emperor. While the Soviets — along with many in the West — have stereotypically portrayed this era as little more than an age of arbitrary despotism, cruel suppression and mass poverty, the reality is rather different. While it is true that the power of the Tsar was absolute, that only a small minority had any significant political voice, and that the mass of the empire’s citizens were peasants, it is worth noting that Russians during the reign of Nicholas II had freedom of press, religion, assembly and association, protection of private property, and free labor unions. Sworn enemies of the regime, such as Lenin, were treated with remarkable leniency.36

During the decades prior to the outbreak of the First World War, the Russian economy was booming. In fact, between 1890 and 1913, it was the fastest growing in the world. New rail lines were opened at an annual rate double that of the Soviet years. Between 1900 and 1913, iron production increased by 58 percent, while coal production more than doubled.37 Exported Russian grain fed all of Europe. Finally, the last decades of Tsarist Russia witnessed a magnificent flowering of cultural life.

Everything changed with the First World War, a catastrophe not only for Russia, but for the entire West.

Monarchist Sentiment

In spite of (or perhaps because of) the relentless official campaign during the entire Soviet era to stamp out every uncritical memory of the Romanovs and imperial Russia, a virtual cult of popular veneration for Nicholas II has been sweeping Russia in recent years.

People have been eagerly paying the equivalent of several hours’ wages to purchase portraits of Nicholas from street vendors in Moscow, St. Petersburg and other Russian cities. His portrait now hangs in countless Russian homes and apartments. In late 1990, all 200,000 copies of a first printing of a 30-page pamphlet on the Romanovs quickly sold out. Said one street vendor: “I personally sold four thousand copies in no time at all. It’s like a nuclear explosion. People really want to know about their Tsar and his family.” Grass roots pro-Tsarist and monarchist organizations have sprung up in many cities.

A public opinion poll conducted in 1990 found that three out of four Soviet citizens surveyed regard the killing of the Tsar and his family as a despicable crime.38 Many Russian Orthodox believers regard Nicholas as a martyr. The independent “Orthodox Church Abroad” canonized the imperial family in 1981, and the Moscow-based Russian Orthodox Church has been under popular pressure to take the same step, in spite of its long-standing reluctance to touch this official taboo. The Russian Orthodox Archbishop of Ekaterinburg announced plans in 1990 to build a grand church at the site of the killings. “The people loved Emperor Nicholas,” he said. “His memory lives with the people, not as a saint but as someone executed without court verdict, unjustly, as a sufferer for his faith and for orthodoxy.”39

On the 75th anniversary of the massacre (in July 1993), Russians recalled the life, death and legacy of their last Emperor. In Ekaterinburg, where a large white cross festooned with flowers now marks the spot where the family was killed, mourners wept as hymns were sung and prayers were said for the victims.40

Reflecting both popular sentiment and new social-political realities, the white, blue and red horizontal tricolor flag of Tsarist Russia was officially adopted in 1991, replacing the red Soviet banner. And in 1993, the imperial two-headed eagle was restored as the nation’s official emblem, replacing the Soviet hammer and sickle. Cities that had been re-named to honor Communist figures — such as Leningrad, Kuibyshev, Frunze, Kalinin, and Gorky — have re-acquired their Tsarist-era names. Ekaterinburg, which had been named Sverdlovsk by the Soviets in 1924 in honor of the Soviet-Jewish chief, in September 1991 restored its pre-Communist name, which honors Empress Catherine I.

Symbolic Meaning

In view of the millions that would be put to death by the Soviet rulers in the years to follow, the murder of the Romanov family might not seem of extraordinary importance. And yet, the event has deep symbolic meaning. In the apt words of Harvard University historian Richard Pipes:41

The manner in which the massacre was prepared and carried out, at first denied and then justified, has something uniquely odious about it, something that radically distinguishes it from previous acts of regicide and brands it as a prelude to twentieth-century mass murder.

Another historian, Ivor Benson, characterized the killing of the Romanov family as symbolic of the tragic fate of Russia and, indeed, of the entire West, in this century of unprecedented agony and conflict.

The murder of the Tsar and his family is all the more deplorable because, whatever his failings as a monarch, Nicholas II was, by all accounts, a personally decent, generous, humane and honorable man.

The Massacre’s Place in History

The mass slaughter and chaos of the First World War, and the revolutionary upheavals that swept Europe in 1917-1918, brought an end not only to the ancient Romanov dynasty in Russia, but to an entire continental social order. Swept away as well was the Hohenzollern dynasty in Germany, with its stable constitutional monarchy, and the ancient Habsburg dynasty of Austria-Hungary with its multinational central European empire. Europe’s leading states shared not only the same Christian and Western cultural foundations, but most of the continent’s reigning monarchs were related by blood. England’s King George was, through his mother, a first cousin of Tsar Nicholas, and, through his father, a first cousin of Empress Alexandra. Germany’s Kaiser Wilhelm was a first cousin of the German-born Alexandra, and a distant cousin of Nicholas.

More than was the case with the monarchies of western Europe, Russia’s Tsar personally symbolized his land and nation. Thus, the murder of the last emperor of a dynasty that had ruled Russia for three centuries not only symbolically presaged the Communist mass slaughter that would claim so many Russian lives in the decades that followed, but was symbolic of the Communist effort to kill the soul and spirit of Russia itself.

Notes

  1. Edvard Radzinksy, The Last Tsar (New York: Doubleday, 1992), pp. 327, 344-346.; Bill Keller, “Cult of the Last Czar,” The New York Times, Nov. 21, 1990.
  2. From an April 1935 entry in “Trotsky’s Diary in Exile.” Quoted in: Richard Pipes, The Russian Revolution (New York: Knopf, 1990), pp. 770, 787.; Robert K. Massie, Nicholas and Alexandra (New York: 1976), pp. 496-497.; E. Radzinksy, The Last Tsar (New York: Doubleday, 1992), pp. 325-326.; Ronald W. Clark, Lenin (New York: 1988), pp. 349-350.
  3. On Wilton and his career in Russia, see: Phillip Knightley, The First Casualty (Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1976), pp. 141-142, 144-146, 151-152, 159, 162, 169, and, Anthony Summers and Tom Mangold, The File on the Tsar(New York: Harper and Row, 1976), pp. 102-104, 176.
  4. AP dispatch from Moscow, Toronto Star, Sept. 26, 1991, p. A2.; Similarly, a 1992 survey found that one-fourth of people in the republics of Belarus (White Russia) and Uzbekistan favored deporting all Jews to a special Jewish region in Russian Siberia. “Survey Finds Anti-Semitism on Rise in Ex-Soviet Lands,” Los Angeles Times, June 12, 1992, p. A4.
  5. At the turn of the century, Jews made up 4.2 percent of the population of the Russian Empire. Richard Pipes, The Russian Revolution (New York: 1990), p. 55 (fn.).
    By comparison, in the United States today, Jews make up less than three percent of the total population (according to the most authoritative estimates).
  6. See individual entries in: H. Shukman, ed., The Blackwell Encyclopedia of the Russian Revolution (Oxford: 1988), and in: G. Wigoder, ed., Dictionary of Jewish Biography (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1991).
    The prominent Jewish role in Russia’s pre-1914 revolutionary underground, and in the early Soviet regime, is likewise confirmed in: Stanley Rothman and S. Robert Lichter, Roots of Radicalism (New York: Oxford, 1982), pp. 92-94.
    In 1918, the Bolshevik Party’s Central Committee had 15 members. German scholar Herman Fehst — citing published Soviet records — reported in his useful 1934 study that of six of these 15 were Jews. Herman Fehst, Bolschewismus und Judentum: Das jüdische Element in der Führerschaft des Bolschewismus (Berlin: 1934), pp. 68-72.; Robert Wilton, though, reported that in 1918 the Central Committee of the Bolshevik party had twelve members, of whom nine were of Jewish origin and three were of Russian ancestry. R. Wilton, The Last Days of the Romanovs (IHR, 1993), p. 185.
  7. After years of official suppression, this fact was acknowledged in 1991 in the Moscow weekly Ogonyok. See: Jewish Chronicle (London), July 16, 1991.; See also: Letter by L. Horwitz in The New York Times, Aug. 5, 1992, which cites information from the Russian journal “Native Land Archives.”; “Lenin’s Lineage?”‘Jewish,’ Claims Moscow News,” Forward (New York City), Feb. 28, 1992, pp. 1, 3.; M. Checinski, Jerusalem Post (weekly international edition), Jan. 26, 1991, p. 9.
  8. Richard Pipes, The Russian Revolution (New York: Knopf, 1990), p. 352.
  9. Harrison E. Salisbury, Black Night, White Snow: Russia’s Revolutions, 1905-1917 (Doubleday, 1978), p. 475.; William H. Chamberlin, The Russian Revolution (Princeton Univ. Press, 1987), vol. 1, pp. 291-292.; Herman Fehst, Bolschewismus und Judentum: Das jüdische Element in der Führerschaft des Bolschewismus (Berlin: 1934), pp. 42-43.; P. N. Pospelov, ed., Vladimir Ilyich Lenin: A Biography (Moscow: Progress, 1966), pp. 318-319.
    This meeting was held on October 10 (old style, Julian calendar), and on October 23 (new style). The six Jews who took part were: Uritsky, Trotsky, Kamenev, Zinoviev, Sverdlov and Soklonikov.
    The Bolsheviks seized power in Petersburg on October 25 (old style) — hence the reference to the “Great October Revolution” — which is November 7 (new style).
  10. William H. Chamberlin, The Russian Revolution (1987), vol. 1, p. 292.; H. E. Salisbury, Black Night, White Snow: Russia’s Revolutions, 1905-1917 (1978), p. 475.
  11. W. H. Chamberlin, The Russian Revolution, vol. 1, pp. 274, 299, 302, 306.; Alan Moorehead, The Russian Revolution (New York: 1965), pp. 235, 238, 242, 243, 245.; H. Fehst, Bolschewismus und Judentum (Berlin: 1934), pp. 44, 45.
  12. H. E. Salisbury, Black Night, White Snow: Russia’s Revolutions, 1905-1917 (1978), p. 479-480.; Dmitri Volkogonov, Stalin: Triumph and Tragedy (New York: Grove Weidenfeld, 1991), pp. 27-28, 32.; P. N. Pospelov, ed., Vladimir Ilyich Lenin: A Biography (Moscow: Progress, 1966), pp. 319-320.
  13. “Zionism versus Bolshevism: A struggle for the soul of the Jewish people,” Illustrated Sunday Herald (London), February 8, 1920. Facsimile reprint in: William Grimstad, The Six Million Reconsidered (1979), p. 124. (At the time this essay was published, Churchill was serving as minister of war and air.)
  14. David R. Francis, Russia from the American Embassy (New York: 1921), p. 214.
  15. Foreign Relations of the United States — 1918 — Russia, Vol. 1 (Washington, DC: 1931), pp. 678-679.
  16. American Hebrew (New York), Sept. 1920. Quoted in: Nathan Glazer and Daniel Patrick Moynihan, Beyond the Melting Pot (Cambridge, Mass.: 1963), p. 268.
  17. C. Jacobson, “Jews in the USSR” in: American Review on the Soviet Union, August 1945, p. 52.; Avtandil Rukhadze, Jews in the USSR: Figures, Facts, Comment (Moscow: Novosti, 1978), pp. 10-11.
  18. T. Emmons and B. M. Patenaude, eds., War, Revolution and Peace in Russia: The Passages of Frank Golder, 1913-1927 (Stanford: Hoover Institution, 1992), pp. 320, 139, 317.
  19. Louis Rapoport, Stalin’s War Against the Jews (New York: Free Press, 1990), pp. 30, 31, 37. See also pp. 43, 44, 45, 49, 50.
  20. Quoted in: Salo Baron, The Russian Jews Under Tsars and Soviets (New York: 1976), pp. 170, 392 (n. 4).
  21. The Atlantic, Sept. 1991, p. 14.;
    In 1919, three-quarters of the Cheka staff in Kiev were Jews, who were careful to spare fellow Jews. By order, the Cheka took few Jewish hostages. R. Pipes, The Russian Revolution (1990), p. 824.; Israeli historian Louis Rapoport also confirms the dominant role played by Jews in the Soviet secret police throughout the 1920s and 1930s. L. Rapoport, Stalin’s War Against the Jews (New York: 1990), pp. 30-31, 43-45, 49-50.
  22. E. Radzinsky, The Last Tsar (1992), pp. 244, 303-304.; Bill Keller, “Cult of the Last Czar,” The New York Times, Nov. 21, 1990.; See also: W. H. Chamberlin, The Russian Revolution, vol. 2, p. 90.
  23. Quoted in: The New Republic, Feb. 5, 1990, pp. 30 ff.; Because of the alleged anti-Semitism of Russophobia, in July 1992 Shafarevich was asked by the National Academy of Sciences (Washington, DC) to resign as an associate member of that prestigious body.
  24. R. Wilton, The Last Days of the Romanovs (1993), p. 148.
  25. Richard Pipes, The Russian Revolution (1990), p. 787.; Robert K. Massie, Nicholas and Alexandra (New York: 1976), pp. 496-497.
  26. An article in a 1907 issue of the respected American journal National Geographic reported on the revolutionary situation brewing in Russia in the years before the First World War: ” The revolutionary leaders nearly all belong to the Jewish race, and the most effective revolutionary agency is the Jewish Bund ” W. E. Curtis, “The Revolution in Russia,” The National Geographic Magazine, May 1907, pp. 313-314.
    Piotr Stolypin, probably imperial Russia’s greatest statesman, was murdered in 1911 by a Jewish assassin. In 1907, Jews made up about ten percent of Bolshevik party membership. In the Menshevik party, another faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party, the Jewish proportion was twice as high. R. Pipes, The Russian Revolution(1990), p. 365.; See also: R. Wilton, The Last Days of the Romanovs (1993), pp. 185-186.
  27. Martin Gilbert, Atlas of Jewish History (1977), pp. 71, 74.; In spite of the restrictive “Pale” policy, in 1897 about 315,000 Jews were living outside the Pale, most of them illegally. In 1900 more than 20,000 were living in the capital of St. Petersburg, and another 9,000 in Moscow.
  28. Sonja Margolina, Das Ende der Lügen: Russland und die Juden im 20. Jahrhundert (Berlin: 1992). Quoted in: “Ein ganz heisses Eisen angefasst,” Deutsche National-Zeitung (Munich), July 21, 1992, p. 12.
  29. Krasnaia Gazetta (“Red Gazette”), September 1, 1918. Quoted in: Richard Pipes, The Russian Revolution (1990), pp. 820, 912 (n. 88).
  30. Richard Pipes, The Russian Revolution (New York: 1990), p. 820.
  31. Contrary to what a number of western historians have for years suggested, Soviet terror and the Gulag camp system did not begin with Stalin. At the end of 1920, Soviet Russia already had 84 concentration camps with approximately 50,000 prisoners. By October 1923 the number had increased to 315 camps with 70,000 inmates. R. Pipes, The Russian Revolution (1990), p. 836.
  32. Cited by historian Robert Conquest in a review/ article in The New York Review of Books, Sept. 23, 1993, p. 27.
  33. The New York Review of Books, Sept. 23, 1993, p. 27.
  34. Review/article by Robert Conquest in The New York Review of Books, Sept. 23, 1993, p. 27.; In the “Great Terror” years of 1937-1938 alone, Conquest has calculated, approximately one million were shot by the Soviet secret police, and another two million perished in Soviet camps. R. Conquest, The Great Terror (New York: Oxford, 1990), pp. 485-486.;
    Conquest has estimated that 13.5 to 14 million people perished in the collectivization (“dekulakization”) campaign and forced famine of 1929-1933. R. Conquest, The Harvest of Sorrow (New York: Oxford, 1986), pp. 301-307.
  35. Russian professor Igor Bestuzhev-Lada, writing in a 1988 issue of the Moscow weekly Nedelya, suggested that during the Stalin era alone (1935-1953), as many as 50 million people were killed, condemned to camps from which they never emerged, or lost their lives as a direct result of the brutal “dekulakization” campaign against the peasantry. “Soviets admit Stalin killed 50 million,” The Sunday Times, London, April 17, 1988.;
    R. J. Rummel, a professor of political science at the University of Hawaii, has recently calculated that 61.9 million people were systematically killed by the Soviet Communist regime from 1917 to 1987. R. J. Rummel, Lethal Politics: Soviet Genocide and Mass Murder Since 1917 (Transaction, 1990).
  36. Because of his revolutionary activities, Lenin was sentenced in 1897 to three years exile in Siberia. During this period of “punishment,” he got married, wrote some 30 works, made extensive use of a well-stocked local library, subscribed to numerous foreign periodicals, kept up a voluminous correspondence with supporters across Europe, and enjoyed numerous sport hunting and ice skating excursions, while all the time receiving a state stipend. See: Ronald W. Clark, Lenin (New York: 1988), pp. 42-57.; P. N. Pospelov, ed., Vladimir Ilyich Lenin: A Biography(Moscow: Progress, 1966), pp. 55-75.
  37. R. Pipes, The Russian Revolution (1990), pp. 187-188.;
  38. The Nation, June 24, 1991, p. 838.
  39. Bill Keller, “Cult of the Last Czar,” The New York Times, Nov. 21, 1990.
  40. “Nostalgic for Nicholas, Russians Honor Their Last Czar,” Los Angeles Times, July 18, 1993.; “Ceremony marks Russian czar’s death,” Orange County Register, July 17, 1993.
  41. R. Pipes, The Russian Revolution (1990), p. 787.

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